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From: Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
To: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>,
	Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	"Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Yuyang Du <duyuyang@gmail.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>,
	Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>,
	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>,
	Christian Kellner <christian@kellner.me>,
	Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>,
	Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>,
	"Dmitry V. Levin" <ldv@altlinux.org>,
	"linux-doc@vger.kernel.org" <linux-doc@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-mm@kvack.org" <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	"stable@vger.kernel.org" <stable@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-api@vger.kernel.org" <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv5] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace
Date: Tue, 3 Mar 2020 16:48:01 +0000
Message-ID: <AM6PR03MB5170609D44967E044FD1BE40E4E40@AM6PR03MB5170.eurprd03.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <87v9nlii0b.fsf@x220.int.ebiederm.org>

On 3/3/20 4:18 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de> writes:
> 
>> This fixes a deadlock in the tracer when tracing a multi-threaded
>> application that calls execve while more than one thread are running.
>>
>> I observed that when running strace on the gcc test suite, it always
>> blocks after a while, when expect calls execve, because other threads
>> have to be terminated.  They send ptrace events, but the strace is no
>> longer able to respond, since it is blocked in vm_access.
>>
>> The deadlock is always happening when strace needs to access the
>> tracees process mmap, while another thread in the tracee starts to
>> execve a child process, but that cannot continue until the
>> PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT is handled and the WIFEXITED event is received:
> 
> A couple of things.
> 
> Why do we think it is safe to change the behavior exposed to userspace?
> Not the deadlock but all of the times the current code would not
> deadlock?
> 
> Especially given that this is a small window it might be hard for people
> to track down and report so we need a strong argument that this won't
> break existing userspace before we just change things.
> 

Hmm, I tend to agree.

> Usually surveying all of the users of a system call that we can find
> and checking to see if they might be affected by the change in behavior
> is difficult enough that we usually opt for not being lazy and
> preserving the behavior.
> 
> This patch is up to two changes in behavior now, that could potentially
> affect a whole array of programs.  Adding linux-api so that this change
> in behavior can be documented if/when this change goes through.
> 

One is PTRACE_ACCESS possibly returning EAGAIN, yes.

We could try to restrict that behavior change to when any
thread is ptraced when execve starts, can't be too complicated.


But the other is only SYS_seccomp returning EAGAIN, when a different
thread of the current process is calling execve at the same time.

I would consider it completely impossible to have any user-visual effect,
since de_thread is just terminating all threads, including the thread
where the -EAGAIN was returned, so we will never know what happened.


> If you can split the documentation and test fixes out into separate
> patches that would help reviewing this code, or please make it explicit
> that the your are changing documentation about behavior that is changing
> with this patch.
> 

I am not sure if I have touched the right user documentation.

I only saw a document referring to a non-existent "current->cred_replace_mutex"
I haven't digged the git history, but that must be pre-historic IMHO.
It appears to me that is some developer documentation, but it's nevertheless
worth to keep up to date when the code changes.

So where would I add the possibility for PTRACE_ATTACH to return -EAGAIN ?


Bernd.

> Eric
> 
>> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..6d8a048
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (c) 2020 Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
>> + * All rights reserved.
>> + *
>> + * Check whether /proc/$pid/mem can be accessed without causing deadlocks
>> + * when de_thread is blocked with ->cred_guard_mutex held.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include "../kselftest_harness.h"
>> +#include <stdio.h>
>> +#include <fcntl.h>
>> +#include <pthread.h>
>> +#include <signal.h>
>> +#include <unistd.h>
>> +#include <sys/ptrace.h>
>> +
>> +static void *thread(void *arg)
>> +{
>> +	ptrace(PTRACE_TRACEME, 0, 0L, 0L);
>> +	return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +TEST(vmaccess)
>> +{
>> +	int f, pid = fork();
>> +	char mm[64];
>> +
>> +	if (!pid) {
>> +		pthread_t pt;
>> +
>> +		pthread_create(&pt, NULL, thread, NULL);
>> +		pthread_join(pt, NULL);
>> +		execlp("true", "true", NULL);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	sleep(1);
>> +	sprintf(mm, "/proc/%d/mem", pid);
>> +	f = open(mm, O_RDONLY);
>> +	ASSERT_LE(0, f);
>> +	close(f);
>> +	f = kill(pid, SIGCONT);
>> +	ASSERT_EQ(0, f);
>> +}
>> +
>> +TEST(attach)
>> +{
>> +	int f, pid = fork();
>> +
>> +	if (!pid) {
>> +		pthread_t pt;
>> +
>> +		pthread_create(&pt, NULL, thread, NULL);
>> +		pthread_join(pt, NULL);
>> +		execlp("true", "true", NULL);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	sleep(1);
>> +	f = ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, pid, 0L, 0L);
> 
> To be meaningful this code needs to learn to loop when
> ptrace returns -EAGAIN.
> 
> Because that is pretty much what any self respecting user space
> process will do.
> 
> At which point I am not certain we can say that the behavior has
> sufficiently improved not to be a deadlock.
> 

In this special dead-duck test it won't work, but it would
still be lots more transparent what is going on, since previously
you had two zombie process, and no way to even output debug
messages, which also all self respecting user space processes
should do.

So yes, I can at least give a good example and re-try it several
times together with wait4 which a tracer is expected to do.

Bernd.

>> +	ASSERT_EQ(EAGAIN, errno);
>> +	ASSERT_EQ(f, -1);
>> +	f = kill(pid, SIGCONT);
>> +	ASSERT_EQ(0, f);
>> +}
>> +
>> +TEST_HARNESS_MAIN
> 
> Eric
> 

  reply index

Thread overview: 203+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-01 11:27 [PATCH] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 15:13 ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-01 15:58   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 17:46     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 18:20       ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 17:24   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 18:21 ` Jann Horn
2020-03-01 18:52   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 19:00     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 20:00     ` Jann Horn
2020-03-01 20:34       ` [PATCHv2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02  6:38         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 15:43           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 15:57             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 16:02               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 16:17                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 16:43                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 17:01                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 17:37                       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 17:42                         ` christian
2020-03-02 18:08                           ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 20:10                             ` [PATCHv3] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 20:28                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 17:13                   ` [PATCHv2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 21:49                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 22:00                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 22:18                       ` [PATCHv4] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  2:26                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-03  4:54                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  5:29                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-03  8:08                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  8:34                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03  8:43                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-04 15:30                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03  8:58                           ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 10:34                             ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 11:23                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 14:20                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 13:02                             ` [PATCHv5] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 15:18                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-03 16:48                                 ` Bernd Edlinger [this message]
2020-03-03 17:01                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 17:20                                     ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 20:08                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-04 14:37                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-04 16:33                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-04 21:49                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-04 21:56                                         ` [PATCHv6] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-05 18:36                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-05 21:14                                             ` [PATCH 0/2] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:15                                               ` [PATCH 1/2] exec: Properly mark the point of no return Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:34                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:19                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:56                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:09                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 16:26                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 17:16                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:16                                               ` [PATCH 2/2] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:51                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:17                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 11:46                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 21:18                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 19:16                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 21:58                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 22:29                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-07  1:03                                                           ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 12:58                                                             ` [PATCH] exec: make de_thread alloc new signal struct earlier Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-08 18:12                                                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:31                                               ` [PATCH 0/2] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:06                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:34                                               ` [PATCH 0/5] " Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:35                                                 ` [PATCH v2 1/5] exec: Only compute current once in flush_old_exec Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 13:56                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 17:34                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 17:56                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:27                                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:17                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:12                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:36                                                 ` [PATCH v2 2/5] exec: Factor unshare_sighand out of de_thread and call it separately Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:28                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:29                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:34                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:57                                                       ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:21                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:36                                                 ` [PATCH v2 3/5] exec: Move cleanup of posix timers on exec out of de_thread Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:30                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:59                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-09 20:06                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 20:17                                                       ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-09 20:48                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10  8:55                                                           ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-10 18:52                                                             ` [PATCH] pidfd: Stop taking cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 19:15                                                               ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-10 19:16                                                               ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 19:27                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:00                                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:10                                                                     ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:22                                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11  6:11                                                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 14:56                                                                           ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:57                                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:29                                                                         ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-11 18:49                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-14  9:12                                                                           ` [PATCH] pidfd: Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:16                                                           ` [PATCH v2 3/5] exec: Move cleanup of posix timers on exec out of de_thread Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:31                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:57                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 21:05                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:22                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:38                                                 ` [PATCH v2 4/5] exec: Move exec_mmap right after de_thread in flush_old_exec Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:34                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:45                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:52                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:58                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 20:03                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 20:35                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:44                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:20                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:47                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:09                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:38                                                 ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 13:45                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 17:40                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:01                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 18:10                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:24                                                           ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:36                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:47                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:02                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:24                                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:35                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:39                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 13:43                                                                       ` [PATCH 0/4] Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 15:35                                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 17:44                                                                           ` [PATCH 0/4] Use new infrastructure in more simple cases Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 1/4] kernel/kcmp.c: Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 19:01                                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 19:42                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 2/4] proc: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:59                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:10                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:38                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 3/4] proc: io_accounting: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 19:06                                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:19                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:25                                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11 19:08                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:48                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 19:48                                                                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 4/4] perf: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 13:43                                                                       ` [PATCH 1/4] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 15:13                                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 15:17                                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:00                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 2/4] selftests/ptrace: add test cases for dead-locks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:36                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 22:41                                                                         ` Dmitry V. Levin
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 3/4] mm: docs: Fix a comment in process_vm_rw_core Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:53                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 4/4] kernel: doc: remove outdated comment cred.c Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:54                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-09 19:33                                                                   ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Dmitry V. Levin
2020-03-09 19:42                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:55                                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:02                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:21                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 21:30                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 23:21                                                       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-11  0:15                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11  6:33                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 16:29                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11 13:18                                                   ` Qian Cai
2020-03-12 10:27                                                   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-12 12:24                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-12 13:45                                                       ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-12 14:38                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-12 15:23                                                           ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-13  1:05                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-13  9:13                                                             ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-14  9:11                                                               ` [PATCH v3 " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-17  8:56                                                                 ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-17 21:53                                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-18 12:22                                                                     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-18 20:06                                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  7:13                                                                         ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-19  7:19                                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:11                                                                           ` [PATCH v4 3/5] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:13                                                                             ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:19                                                                               ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2020-03-19  9:20                                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-21 22:53                                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:12                                                               ` [PATCH 0/2] exec: Fix dead-lock in de_thread with ptrace_attach Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:12                                                               ` [PATCH 1/2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:13                                                               ` [PATCH 2/2] doc: Update documentation of ->exec_*_mutex Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:57                                                               ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14 10:02                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-17  8:58                                                                   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-09 13:58                                                 ` [PATCH 0/5] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 16:50                                 ` [PATCHv5] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace Christian Brauner
2020-03-02 12:28         ` [PATCHv2] " Oleg Nesterov
2020-03-02 15:56           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02  7:47       ` [PATCH] " Christian Brauner
2020-03-02  7:48         ` Christian Brauner

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