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From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>,
	Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>,
	Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	David Drysdale <drysdale@google.com>,
	"David S . Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	"Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>,
	Jann Horn <jann@thejh.net>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>,
	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>,
	Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>,
	Sargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>, Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>,
	Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>, Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org>,
	"kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com" 
	<kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-security-module <linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org>,
	Network Development <netdev@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v6 02/11] bpf,landlock: Define an eBPF program type for Landlock
Date: Tue, 18 Apr 2017 14:58:35 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAGXu5jJQaxTOGgKCcApOiAX+ZnSgGQG6nU30hD0WeyQRcZ=zDg@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170328234650.19695-3-mic@digikod.net>

On Tue, Mar 28, 2017 at 4:46 PM, Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
> Add a new type of eBPF program used by Landlock rules.
>
> This new BPF program type will be registered with the Landlock LSM
> initialization.
>
> Add an initial Landlock Kconfig.
>
> Changes since v5:
> * rename file hooks.c to init.c
> * fix spelling
>
> Changes since v4:
> * merge a minimal (not enabled) LSM code and Kconfig in this commit
>
> Changes since v3:
> * split commit
> * revamp the landlock_context:
>   * add arch, syscall_nr and syscall_cmd (ioctl, fcntl…) to be able to
>     cross-check action with the event type
>   * replace args array with dedicated fields to ease the addition of new
>     fields
>
> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com>
> ---
> [...]
> +static inline bool bpf_landlock_is_valid_subtype(
> +               union bpf_prog_subtype *prog_subtype)
> +{
> +       if (WARN_ON(!prog_subtype))
> +               return false;
> +
> +       switch (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.event) {
> +       case LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_EVENT_FS:
> +               break;
> +       case LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_EVENT_UNSPEC:
> +       default:
> +               return false;
> +       }
> +
> +       if (!prog_subtype->landlock_rule.version ||
> +                       prog_subtype->landlock_rule.version > LANDLOCK_VERSION)
> +               return false;
> +       if (!prog_subtype->landlock_rule.event ||
> +                       prog_subtype->landlock_rule.event > _LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_EVENT_LAST)
> +               return false;
> +       if (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.ability & ~_LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_ABILITY_MASK)
> +               return false;
> +       if (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.option & ~_LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_OPTION_MASK)
> +               return false;
> +
> +       /* check ability flags */
> +       if (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.ability & LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_ABILITY_WRITE &&
> +                       !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
> +               return false;
> +       if (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.ability & LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_ABILITY_DEBUG &&
> +                       !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
> +               return false;
> +
> +       return true;
> +}

I would add more comments for the rule and ability tests just to help
people read this.

> +
> +static inline const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_landlock_func_proto(
> +               enum bpf_func_id func_id, union bpf_prog_subtype *prog_subtype)
> +{
> +       bool event_fs = (prog_subtype->landlock_rule.event ==
> +                       LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_EVENT_FS);
> +       bool ability_write = !!(prog_subtype->landlock_rule.ability &
> +                       LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_ABILITY_WRITE);
> +       bool ability_debug = !!(prog_subtype->landlock_rule.ability &
> +                       LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_ABILITY_DEBUG);
> +
> +       switch (func_id) {
> +       case BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem:
> +               return &bpf_map_lookup_elem_proto;
> +
> +       /* ability_write */
> +       case BPF_FUNC_map_delete_elem:
> +               if (ability_write)
> +                       return &bpf_map_delete_elem_proto;
> +               return NULL;
> +       case BPF_FUNC_map_update_elem:
> +               if (ability_write)
> +                       return &bpf_map_update_elem_proto;
> +               return NULL;
> +
> +       /* ability_debug */
> +       case BPF_FUNC_get_current_comm:
> +               if (ability_debug)
> +                       return &bpf_get_current_comm_proto;
> +               return NULL;
> +       case BPF_FUNC_get_current_pid_tgid:
> +               if (ability_debug)
> +                       return &bpf_get_current_pid_tgid_proto;
> +               return NULL;
> +       case BPF_FUNC_get_current_uid_gid:
> +               if (ability_debug)
> +                       return &bpf_get_current_uid_gid_proto;
> +               return NULL;
> +       case BPF_FUNC_trace_printk:
> +               if (ability_debug)
> +                       return bpf_get_trace_printk_proto();
> +               return NULL;
> +
> +       default:
> +               return NULL;
> +       }
> +}

I find this switch statement mixed with the "if (ability...)" kind of
hard to read and a bit fragile. I think it'd be better written as:

switch (func_id) {
case BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem:
   return ...
}

if (ability_write) {
    switch (func_id) {
        ...
    }
}

if (ability_debug) {
    switch (func_id) {
        ...
    }
}

return NULL;

Then it's self-documenting and it's harder to add a case without the
desired ability check...

> +static const struct bpf_verifier_ops bpf_landlock_ops = {
> +       .get_func_proto = bpf_landlock_func_proto,
> +       .is_valid_access = bpf_landlock_is_valid_access,
> +       .is_valid_subtype = bpf_landlock_is_valid_subtype,
> +};
> +
> +static struct bpf_prog_type_list bpf_landlock_type __ro_after_init = {
> +       .ops = &bpf_landlock_ops,
> +       .type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_LANDLOCK,
> +};

Yay const and ro_after_init! :)

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

  parent reply	other threads:[~2017-04-18 21:58 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 50+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-03-28 23:46 [PATCH net-next v6 00/11] Landlock LSM: Toward unprivileged sandboxing Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 01/11] bpf: Add eBPF program subtype and is_valid_subtype() verifier Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-29 13:48   ` kbuild test robot
2017-04-18 21:48   ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 02/11] bpf,landlock: Define an eBPF program type for Landlock Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-16 21:57   ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 21:58   ` Kees Cook [this message]
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 03/11] bpf: Define handle_fs and add a new helper bpf_handle_fs_get_mode() Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 04/11] landlock: Add LSM hooks related to filesystem Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-29 15:18   ` kbuild test robot
2017-04-18 22:17   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 22:44     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 23:16       ` Casey Schaufler
2017-04-18 23:40         ` Kees Cook
2017-04-19 22:03           ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-19 23:58             ` [kernel-hardening] " Casey Schaufler
2017-04-20  1:48             ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 23:39       ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 05/11] seccomp: Split put_seccomp_filter() with put_seccomp() Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 22:23   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 22:47     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-19 22:18       ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-20  1:54         ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 06/11] seccomp,landlock: Handle Landlock events per process hierarchy Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-29 10:35   ` [kernel-hardening] " Djalal Harouni
2017-03-31 21:15     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 22:54       ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 22:53   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 23:24     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 23:48       ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 07/11] landlock: Add ptrace restrictions Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-10  6:48   ` [kernel-hardening] " Djalal Harouni
2017-04-11  7:19     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 08/11] bpf: Add a Landlock sandbox example Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 23:06   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 23:35     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 09/11] seccomp: Enhance test_harness with an assert step mechanism Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-19  0:02   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-19 21:51     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-19 22:02       ` Kees Cook
2017-04-19 22:05         ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-20  1:50           ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 10/11] bpf,landlock: Add tests for Landlock Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 23:16   ` Kees Cook
2017-04-18 23:53     ` Mickaël Salaün
2017-04-18 23:59       ` Kees Cook
2017-03-28 23:46 ` [PATCH net-next v6 11/11] landlock: Add user and kernel documentation " Mickaël Salaün
2017-03-29 15:58   ` kbuild test robot
2017-04-18 23:26 ` [PATCH net-next v6 00/11] Landlock LSM: Toward unprivileged sandboxing Kees Cook
2017-04-19  0:12   ` Mickaël Salaün

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