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* [RFC][PATCH 0/8] Mount, FS, Block and Keyrings notifications [ver #2]
@ 2019-06-04 16:34 David Howells
  2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 1/8] security: Override creds in __fput() with last fputter's creds " David Howells
                   ` (9 more replies)
  0 siblings, 10 replies; 32+ messages in thread
From: David Howells @ 2019-06-04 16:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: viro
  Cc: Casey Schaufler, dhowells, raven, linux-fsdevel, linux-api,
	linux-block, keyrings, linux-security-module, linux-kernel


Hi Al,

Here's a set of patches to add a general variable-length notification queue
concept and to add sources of events for:

 (1) Mount topology events, such as mounting, unmounting, mount expiry,
     mount reconfiguration.

 (2) Superblock events, such as R/W<->R/O changes, quota overrun and I/O
     errors (not complete yet).

 (3) Block layer events, such as I/O errors.

 (4) Key/keyring events, such as creating, linking and removal of keys.

One of the reasons for this is so that we can remove the issue of processes
having to repeatedly and regularly scan /proc/mounts, which has proven to
be a system performance problem.  To further aid this, the fsinfo() syscall
on which this patch series depends, provides a way to access superblock and
mount information in binary form without the need to parse /proc/mounts.


LSM support is included:

 (1) The creds of the process that did the fput() that reduced the refcount
     to zero are cached in the file struct.

 (2) __fput() overrides the current creds with the creds from (1) whilst
     doing the cleanup, thereby making sure that the creds seen by the
     destruction notification generated by mntput() appears to come from
     the last fputter.

 (3) security_post_notification() is called for each queue that we might
     want to post a notification into, thereby allowing the LSM to prevent
     covert communications.

 (?) Do I need to add security_set_watch(), say, to rule on whether a watch
     may be set in the first place?  I might need to add a variant per
     watch-type.

 (?) Do I really need to keep track of the process creds in which an
     implicit object destruction happened?  For example, imagine you create
     an fd with fsopen()/fsmount().  It is marked to dissolve the mount it
     refers to on close unless move_mount() clears that flag.  Now, imagine
     someone looking at that fd through procfs at the same time as you exit
     due to an error.  The LSM sees the destruction notification come from
     the looker if they happen to do their fput() after yours.


Design decisions:

 (1) A misc chardev is used to create and open a ring buffer:

	fd = open("/dev/watch_queue", O_RDWR);

     which is then configured and mmap'd into userspace:

	ioctl(fd, IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, BUF_SIZE);
	ioctl(fd, IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter);
	buf = mmap(NULL, BUF_SIZE * page_size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
		   MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);

     The fd cannot be read or written (though there is a facility to use
     write to inject records for debugging) and userspace just pulls data
     directly out of the buffer.

 (2) The ring index pointers are stored inside the ring and are thus
     accessible to userspace.  Userspace should only update the tail
     pointer and never the head pointer or risk breaking the buffer.  The
     kernel checks that the pointers appear valid before trying to use
     them.  A 'skip' record is maintained around the pointers.

 (3) poll() can be used to wait for data to appear in the buffer.

 (4) Records in the buffer are binary, typed and have a length so that they
     can be of varying size.

     This means that multiple heterogeneous sources can share a common
     buffer.  Tags may be specified when a watchpoint is created to help
     distinguish the sources.

 (5) The queue is reusable as there are 16 million types available, of
     which I've used 4, so there is scope for others to be used.

 (6) Records are filterable as types have up to 256 subtypes that can be
     individually filtered.  Other filtration is also available.

 (7) Each time the buffer is opened, a new buffer is created - this means
     that there's no interference between watchers.

 (8) When recording a notification, the kernel will not sleep, but will
     rather mark a queue as overrun if there's insufficient space, thereby
     avoiding userspace causing the kernel to hang.

 (9) The 'watchpoint' should be specific where possible, meaning that you
     specify the object that you want to watch.

(10) The buffer is created and then watchpoints are attached to it, using
     one of:

	keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fd, 0x01);
	mount_notify(AT_FDCWD, "/", 0, fd, 0x02);
	sb_notify(AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", 0, fd, 0x03);

     where in all three cases, fd indicates the queue and the number after
     is a tag between 0 and 255.

(11) The watch must be removed if either the watch buffer is destroyed or
     the watched object is destroyed.


Things I want to avoid:

 (1) Introducing features that make the core VFS dependent on the network
     stack or networking namespaces (ie. usage of netlink).

 (2) Dumping all this stuff into dmesg and having a daemon that sits there
     parsing the output and distributing it as this then puts the
     responsibility for security into userspace and makes handling
     namespaces tricky.  Further, dmesg might not exist or might be
     inaccessible inside a container.

 (3) Letting users see events they shouldn't be able to see.


Further things that could be considered:

 (1) Adding a keyctl call to allow a watch on a keyring to be extended to
     "children" of that keyring, such that the watch is removed from the
     child if it is unlinked from the keyring.

 (2) Adding global superblock event queue.

 (3) Propagating watches to child superblock over automounts.


The patches can be found here also:

	http://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs.git/log/?h=notifications

Changes:

 v2: I've fixed various issues raised by Jann Horn and GregKH and moved to
     krefs for refcounting.  I've added some security features to try and
     give Casey Schaufler the LSM control he wants.

David
---
David Howells (8):
      security: Override creds in __fput() with last fputter's creds
      General notification queue with user mmap()'able ring buffer
      keys: Add a notification facility
      vfs: Add a mount-notification facility
      vfs: Add superblock notifications
      fsinfo: Export superblock notification counter
      block: Add block layer notifications
      Add sample notification program


 Documentation/security/keys/core.rst   |   58 ++
 Documentation/watch_queue.rst          |  328 ++++++++++++
 arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl |    3 
 arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl |    3 
 block/Kconfig                          |    9 
 block/Makefile                         |    1 
 block/blk-core.c                       |   29 +
 block/blk-notify.c                     |   83 +++
 drivers/misc/Kconfig                   |   13 
 drivers/misc/Makefile                  |    1 
 drivers/misc/watch_queue.c             |  895 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/Kconfig                             |   21 +
 fs/Makefile                            |    1 
 fs/file_table.c                        |   12 
 fs/fsinfo.c                            |   12 
 fs/mount.h                             |   33 +
 fs/mount_notify.c                      |  186 +++++++
 fs/namespace.c                         |    9 
 fs/super.c                             |  117 ++++
 include/linux/blkdev.h                 |   10 
 include/linux/dcache.h                 |    1 
 include/linux/fs.h                     |   79 +++
 include/linux/key.h                    |    4 
 include/linux/lsm_hooks.h              |   15 +
 include/linux/security.h               |   14 +
 include/linux/syscalls.h               |    5 
 include/linux/watch_queue.h            |   87 +++
 include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h            |   10 
 include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h            |    1 
 include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h       |  185 +++++++
 kernel/sys_ni.c                        |    7 
 mm/interval_tree.c                     |    2 
 mm/memory.c                            |    1 
 samples/Kconfig                        |    6 
 samples/Makefile                       |    1 
 samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c              |   13 
 samples/watch_queue/Makefile           |    9 
 samples/watch_queue/watch_test.c       |  284 ++++++++++
 security/keys/Kconfig                  |   10 
 security/keys/compat.c                 |    2 
 security/keys/gc.c                     |    5 
 security/keys/internal.h               |   30 +
 security/keys/key.c                    |   37 +
 security/keys/keyctl.c                 |   89 +++
 security/keys/keyring.c                |   17 -
 security/keys/request_key.c            |    4 
 security/security.c                    |    9 
 47 files changed, 2713 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/watch_queue.rst
 create mode 100644 block/blk-notify.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/misc/watch_queue.c
 create mode 100644 fs/mount_notify.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/watch_queue.h
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
 create mode 100644 samples/watch_queue/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/watch_queue/watch_test.c


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 32+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 32+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-06-04 16:34 [RFC][PATCH 0/8] Mount, FS, Block and Keyrings notifications [ver #2] David Howells
2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 1/8] security: Override creds in __fput() with last fputter's creds " David Howells
2019-06-04 18:15   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 2/8] General notification queue with user mmap()'able ring buffer " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 3/8] keys: Add a notification facility " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 4/8] vfs: Add a mount-notification " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:35 ` [PATCH 5/8] vfs: Add superblock notifications " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:36 ` [PATCH 6/8] fsinfo: Export superblock notification counter " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:36 ` [PATCH 7/8] block: Add block layer notifications " David Howells
2019-06-04 16:36 ` [PATCH 8/8] Add sample notification program " David Howells
2019-06-04 17:43 ` [RFC][PATCH 0/8] Mount, FS, Block and Keyrings notifications " Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-04 20:31   ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-04 21:05     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-04 22:03       ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-05  8:41   ` David Howells
2019-06-05 14:50     ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-05 16:04       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-05 17:01         ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-05 17:47           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-05 18:12             ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-05 18:25             ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-05 19:28               ` Greg KH
2019-06-05 21:01                 ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-05 16:56     ` Rational model for UID based controls David Howells
2019-06-05 17:40       ` Casey Schaufler
2019-06-05 21:06       ` David Howells
2019-06-05 17:21     ` [RFC][PATCH 0/8] Mount, FS, Block and Keyrings notifications [ver #2] David Howells
2019-06-04 20:39 ` David Howells
2019-06-04 20:57   ` Andy Lutomirski
     [not found]     ` <CAB9W1A0AgMYOwGx9c-TmAt=1O6Bjsr2P3Nhd=2+QV39dgw0CrA@mail.gmail.com>
2019-06-05  4:19       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-06-05 13:47         ` Stephen Smalley
2019-06-04 21:11   ` Casey Schaufler

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