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* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 01/16] scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely Markus Armbruster
                   ` (18 more replies)
  0 siblings, 19 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

v3:
* PATCH 05
  - Typo fixed [Eric]
* PATCH 06+07
  - Additional comments [Eric]
* PATCH 11
  - Replace one more QAPISchemaMember by QAPISchemaEnumMember
* PATCH 13+15
  - Doc phrasing tweaks [Eric]
* PATCH 14+15
  - Belatedly update for v2's restriction to printable ASCII [Eric]
  - Correct claim "order of top-level expression doesn't matter" [Eric]
* PATCH 15
  - Fix EBNF for PRAGMA [Eric]

v2:
* PATCH v1 05: Dropped
* PATCH 01,05,07-11,16: New
* PATCH 03:
  - Commit message typo fixed
  - Assertions tightened
* PATCH 04:
  - Document member name 'u' is reserved
  - Drop an accidental change to section "Enumeration types"
  - Typo fixed
* PATCH 06:
  - Outlaw anything but printable ASCII, not just control characters
* PATCH 15:
  - Adopt more convenient terminology: directive, definition
  - Explanation of grammar notation missed grouping
  - Drop a more text redundant with the grammar
  - Drop more text redundant with section "Naming rules and reserved
    names"
  - Turn "boxed needs data: STRING" into syntax
  - Improve section "Documentation comments" some more
  - Minor phrasing tweaks

Markus Armbruster (16):
  scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely
  qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional
  qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments
  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes
  tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters
  qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII
  qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\
  qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type
  qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch
  qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches
  qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member
  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability
  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations
  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema
  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc
  qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt

 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt                  | 1071 ++++++++++-------
 tests/test-qmp-cmds.c                         |    4 +
 scripts/git.orderfile                         |    4 +-
 scripts/qapi/commands.py                      |    4 +-
 scripts/qapi/common.py                        |  147 +--
 scripts/qapi/events.py                        |   12 +-
 tests/Makefile.include                        |    7 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err         |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json        |    4 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err        |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json       |    3 -
 tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err            |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err             |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err           |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err           |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json          |    3 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err       |    2 +-
 .../qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err  |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err        |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err   |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json  |    3 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err          |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit         |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json         |    3 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out          |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err        |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit       |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json       |    3 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out        |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err        |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json       |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err       |    1 +
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit      |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json      |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out       |   16 -
 tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err         |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json       |   13 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out        |   21 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err   |    1 +
 ...-empty.exit => string-code-point-127.exit} |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json  |    2 +
 ...ed-empty.out => string-code-point-127.out} |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err    |    1 +
 ...-string.exit => string-code-point-31.exit} |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json   |    2 +
 ...de-string.out => string-code-point-31.out} |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err     |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err             |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.exit            |    1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json            |    2 -
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.out             |    0
 tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err             |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json            |    2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json         |    2 +-
 54 files changed, 744 insertions(+), 625 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{args-boxed-empty.exit => string-code-point-127.exit} (100%)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{args-boxed-empty.out => string-code-point-127.out} (100%)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{escape-outside-string.exit => string-code-point-31.exit} (100%)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{escape-outside-string.out => string-code-point-31.out} (100%)
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.out

-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 01/16] scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 02/16] qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional Markus Armbruster
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth, Philippe Mathieu-Daudé

Pattern *.json also matches the tests/qapi-schema/*.json.  Separates
them from the tests/qapi-schema/*.{err,exit,out} in diffs.  I hate
that.  Change the pattern to match just the "real" QAPI schemata.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/git.orderfile | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/git.orderfile b/scripts/git.orderfile
index ac699700b1..e89790941c 100644
--- a/scripts/git.orderfile
+++ b/scripts/git.orderfile
@@ -19,11 +19,11 @@ Makefile*
 *.mak
 
 # qapi schema
-*.json
+qapi/*.json
+qga/*.json
 
 # headers
 *.h
 
 # code
 *.c
-
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 02/16] qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 01/16] scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 03/16] qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments Markus Armbruster
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

check_type() uses @allow_optional only when @value is a dictionary and
@allow_dict is True.  All callers that pass allow_dict=True also pass
allow_optional=True.

Therefore, @allow_optional is always True when check_type() uses it.
Drop the redundant parameter.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py | 17 ++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index d61bfdc526..9aefcfe015 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -783,9 +783,8 @@ def check_if(expr, info):
         check_if_str(ifcond, info)
 
 
-def check_type(info, source, value, allow_array=False,
-               allow_dict=False, allow_optional=False,
-               allow_metas=[]):
+def check_type(info, source, value,
+               allow_array=False, allow_dict=False, allow_metas=[]):
     global all_names
 
     if value is None:
@@ -821,7 +820,7 @@ def check_type(info, source, value, allow_array=False,
     # value is a dictionary, check that each member is okay
     for (key, arg) in value.items():
         check_name(info, "Member of %s" % source, key,
-                   allow_optional=allow_optional)
+                   allow_optional=True)
         if c_name(key, False) == 'u' or c_name(key, False).startswith('has_'):
             raise QAPISemError(info, "Member of %s uses reserved name '%s'"
                                % (source, key))
@@ -843,14 +842,14 @@ def check_command(expr, info):
     if boxed:
         args_meta += ['union', 'alternate']
     check_type(info, "'data' for command '%s'" % name,
-               expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed, allow_optional=True,
+               expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed,
                allow_metas=args_meta)
     returns_meta = ['union', 'struct']
     if name in returns_whitelist:
         returns_meta += ['built-in', 'alternate', 'enum']
     check_type(info, "'returns' for command '%s'" % name,
                expr.get('returns'), allow_array=True,
-               allow_optional=True, allow_metas=returns_meta)
+               allow_metas=returns_meta)
 
 
 def check_event(expr, info):
@@ -861,7 +860,7 @@ def check_event(expr, info):
     if boxed:
         meta += ['union', 'alternate']
     check_type(info, "'data' for event '%s'" % name,
-               expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed, allow_optional=True,
+               expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed,
                allow_metas=meta)
 
 
@@ -889,7 +888,7 @@ def check_union(expr, info):
     else:
         # The object must have a string or dictionary 'base'.
         check_type(info, "'base' for union '%s'" % name,
-                   base, allow_dict=True, allow_optional=True,
+                   base, allow_dict=True,
                    allow_metas=['struct'])
         if not base:
             raise QAPISemError(info, "Flat union '%s' must have a base"
@@ -1012,7 +1011,7 @@ def check_struct(expr, info):
     features = expr.get('features')
 
     check_type(info, "'data' for struct '%s'" % name, members,
-               allow_dict=True, allow_optional=True)
+               allow_dict=True)
     check_type(info, "'base' for struct '%s'" % name, expr.get('base'),
                allow_metas=['struct'])
 
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 03/16] qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 01/16] scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 02/16] qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 04/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes Markus Armbruster
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Commands and events can define their argument type inline (default) or
by referring to another type ('boxed': true, since commit c818408e44
"qapi: Implement boxed types for commands/events", v2.7.0).  The
unboxed inline definition is an (anonymous) struct type.  The boxed
type may be a struct, union, or alternate type.

The latter is problematic: docs/interop/qemu-spec.txt requires the
value of the 'data' key to be a json-object, but any non-degenerate
alternate type has at least one branch that isn't.

Fortunately, we haven't made use of alternates in this context outside
tests/.  Drop support for them.

QAPISchemaAlternateType.is_empty() is now unused.  Drop it, too.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt            | 12 ++++++------
 scripts/qapi/common.py                  | 15 ++++-----------
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out  |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index e8ec8ac1de..3d3931fb7a 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -612,9 +612,9 @@ the command.  Normally, 'data' is a dictionary for an anonymous type,
 or names a struct type (possibly empty, but not a union), and its
 members are passed as separate arguments to this function.  If the
 command definition includes a key 'boxed' with the boolean value true,
-then 'data' is instead the name of any non-empty complex type
-(struct, union, or alternate), and a pointer to that QAPI type is
-passed as a single argument.
+then 'data' is instead the name of any non-empty complex type (struct
+or union), and a pointer to that QAPI type is passed as a single
+argument.
 
 The generator also emits a marshalling function that extracts
 arguments for the user's function out of an input QDict, calls the
@@ -714,9 +714,9 @@ The generator emits a function to send the event.  Normally, 'data' is
 a dictionary for an anonymous type, or names a struct type (possibly
 empty, but not a union), and its members are passed as separate
 arguments to this function.  If the event definition includes a key
-'boxed' with the boolean value true, then 'data' is instead the name of
-any non-empty complex type (struct, union, or alternate), and a
-pointer to that QAPI type is passed as a single argument.
+'boxed' with the boolean value true, then 'data' is instead the name
+of any non-empty complex type (struct or union), and a pointer to that
+QAPI type is passed as a single argument.
 
 
 === Features ===
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 9aefcfe015..54d02458b5 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -840,7 +840,7 @@ def check_command(expr, info):
 
     args_meta = ['struct']
     if boxed:
-        args_meta += ['union', 'alternate']
+        args_meta += ['union']
     check_type(info, "'data' for command '%s'" % name,
                expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed,
                allow_metas=args_meta)
@@ -858,7 +858,7 @@ def check_event(expr, info):
 
     meta = ['struct']
     if boxed:
-        meta += ['union', 'alternate']
+        meta += ['union']
     check_type(info, "'data' for event '%s'" % name,
                expr.get('data'), allow_dict=not boxed,
                allow_metas=meta)
@@ -1690,9 +1690,6 @@ class QAPISchemaAlternateType(QAPISchemaType):
         visitor.visit_alternate_type(self.name, self.info, self.ifcond,
                                      self.variants)
 
-    def is_empty(self):
-        return False
-
 
 class QAPISchemaCommand(QAPISchemaEntity):
     def __init__(self, name, info, doc, ifcond, arg_type, ret_type,
@@ -1714,15 +1711,13 @@ class QAPISchemaCommand(QAPISchemaEntity):
         QAPISchemaEntity.check(self, schema)
         if self._arg_type_name:
             self.arg_type = schema.lookup_type(self._arg_type_name)
-            assert (isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType) or
-                    isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaAlternateType))
+            assert isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType)
             self.arg_type.check(schema)
             if self.boxed:
                 if self.arg_type.is_empty():
                     raise QAPISemError(self.info,
                                        "Cannot use 'boxed' with empty type")
             else:
-                assert not isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaAlternateType)
                 assert not self.arg_type.variants
         elif self.boxed:
             raise QAPISemError(self.info, "Use of 'boxed' requires 'data'")
@@ -1750,15 +1745,13 @@ class QAPISchemaEvent(QAPISchemaEntity):
         QAPISchemaEntity.check(self, schema)
         if self._arg_type_name:
             self.arg_type = schema.lookup_type(self._arg_type_name)
-            assert (isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType) or
-                    isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaAlternateType))
+            assert isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType)
             self.arg_type.check(schema)
             if self.boxed:
                 if self.arg_type.is_empty():
                     raise QAPISemError(self.info,
                                        "Cannot use 'boxed' with empty type")
             else:
-                assert not isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaAlternateType)
                 assert not self.arg_type.variants
         elif self.boxed:
             raise QAPISemError(self.info, "Use of 'boxed' requires 'data'")
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
index c6d59acc3e..0fadb4ddd7 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
@@ -180,7 +180,7 @@
 { 'event': 'EVENT_D',
   'data': { 'a' : 'EventStructOne', 'b' : 'str', '*c': 'str', '*enum3': 'EnumOne' } }
 { 'event': 'EVENT_E', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefZero' }
-{ 'event': 'EVENT_F', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefAlternate' }
+{ 'event': 'EVENT_F', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefFlatUnion' }
 
 # test that we correctly compile downstream extensions, as well as munge
 # ticklish names
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
index 85d510bc00..5470a525f5 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ event EVENT_D q_obj_EVENT_D-arg
    boxed=False
 event EVENT_E UserDefZero
    boxed=True
-event EVENT_F UserDefAlternate
+event EVENT_F UserDefFlatUnion
    boxed=True
 enum __org.qemu_x-Enum
     member __org.qemu_x-value
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 04/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 03/16] qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 05/16] tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters Markus Armbruster
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

The specification claims "Each expression that isn't an include
directive may be preceded by a documentation block", but the code also
rejects them for pragma directives.  The code is correct.  Fix the
specification.

The specification reserves member names starting with 'has_', but the
code also reserves name 'u'.  Fix the specification.

The specification claims "The string 'max' is not allowed as an enum
value".  Untrue.  Fix the specification.  While there, delete the
naming advice, because it's redundant with the naming rules in section
"Schema overview"

The specification claims "No branch of the union can be named 'max',
as this would collide with the implicit enum".  Untrue.  Fix the
specification.

The specification claims "It is not allowed to name an event 'MAX',
since the generator also produces a C enumeration of all event names
with a generated _MAX value at the end."  Untrue.  Fix the
specification.

The specification claims "All branches of the union must be complex
types", but the code permits only struct types.  The code is correct.
Fix the specification.

The specification claims a command's return type "must be the string
name of a complex or built-in type, a one-element array containing the
name of a complex or built-in type" unless the command is in pragma
'returns-whitelist'.  The code does not permit built-in types.  Fix
the specification.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 34 ++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index 3d3931fb7a..4ce67752a7 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -117,9 +117,9 @@ Example:
 
 ==== Expression documentation ====
 
-Each expression that isn't an include directive may be preceded by a
-documentation block.  Such blocks are called expression documentation
-blocks.
+Expressions other than include and pragma directives may be preceded
+by a documentation block.  Such blocks are called expression
+documentation blocks.
 
 When documentation is required (see pragma 'doc-required'), expression
 documentation blocks are mandatory.
@@ -243,8 +243,9 @@ underscore.
 
 Event names should be ALL_CAPS with words separated by underscore.
 
-Member names starting with 'has-' or 'has_' are reserved for the
-generator, which uses them for tracking optional members.
+Member name 'u' and names starting with 'has-' or 'has_' are reserved
+for the generator, which uses them for unions and for tracking
+optional members.
 
 Any name (command, event, type, member, or enum value) beginning with
 "x-" is marked experimental, and may be withdrawn or changed
@@ -460,15 +461,14 @@ discriminator value, as in these examples:
 
 The generated C code uses a struct containing a union. Additionally,
 an implicit C enum 'NameKind' is created, corresponding to the union
-'Name', for accessing the various branches of the union.  No branch of
-the union can be named 'max', as this would collide with the implicit
-enum.  The value for each branch can be of any type.
+'Name', for accessing the various branches of the union.  The value
+for each branch can be of any type.
 
 A flat union definition avoids nesting on the wire, and specifies a
 set of common members that occur in all variants of the union.  The
 'base' key must specify either a type name (the type must be a
 struct, not a union), or a dictionary representing an anonymous type.
-All branches of the union must be complex types, and the top-level
+All branches of the union must be struct types, and the top-level
 members of the union dictionary on the wire will be combination of
 members from both the base type and the appropriate branch type (when
 merging two dictionaries, there must be no keys in common).  The
@@ -578,8 +578,8 @@ The 'returns' member describes what will appear in the "return" member
 of a Client JSON Protocol reply on successful completion of a command.
 The member is optional from the command declaration; if absent, the
 "return" member will be an empty dictionary.  If 'returns' is present,
-it must be the string name of a complex or built-in type, a
-one-element array containing the name of a complex or built-in type.
+it must be the string name of a complex type, or a
+one-element array containing the name of a complex type.
 To return anything else, you have to list the command in pragma
 'returns-whitelist'.  If you do this, the command cannot be extended
 to return additional information in the future.  Use of
@@ -691,13 +691,11 @@ started with --preconfig.
 Usage: { 'event': STRING, '*data': COMPLEX-TYPE-NAME-OR-DICT,
          '*boxed': true }
 
-Events are defined with the keyword 'event'.  It is not allowed to
-name an event 'MAX', since the generator also produces a C enumeration
-of all event names with a generated _MAX value at the end.  When
-'data' is also specified, additional info will be included in the
-event, with similar semantics to a 'struct' expression.  Finally there
-will be C API generated in qapi-events.h; when called by QEMU code, a
-message with timestamp will be emitted on the wire.
+Events are defined with the keyword 'event'.  When 'data' is also
+specified, additional info will be included in the event, with similar
+semantics to a 'struct' expression.  Finally there will be C API
+generated in qapi-events.h; when called by QEMU code, a message with
+timestamp will be emitted on the wire.
 
 An example event is:
 
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 05/16] tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 04/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 06/16] qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII Markus Armbruster
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Invalid name 'not\\possible' is reported as 'not\possible'.  Control
characters (quoted or not) are even more confusing.  Mark FIXME.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err  | 2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json | 3 ++-
 2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err
index 9c3c1002b7..26a09f84ad 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json:2: Member of enum 'MyEnum' uses invalid name 'not^possible'
+tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json:3: Member of enum 'MyEnum' uses invalid name 'not\possible'
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json
index 8506562b31..1c4620edda 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-bad-name.json
@@ -1,2 +1,3 @@
 # we ensure all enum names can map to C
-{ 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'not^possible' ] }
+# FIXME reports 'not\possible' instead of 'not\\possible'
+{ 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'not\\possible' ] }
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 06/16] qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 05/16] tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\ Markus Armbruster
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

RFC 8259 on string contents:

   All Unicode characters may be placed within the quotation marks,
   except for the characters that MUST be escaped: quotation mark,
   reverse solidus, and the control characters (U+0000 through
   U+001F).

The QAPI schema parser accepts both less and more than JSON: it
accepts only ASCII with \u (less), and accepts control characters
other than LF (new line) unescaped.  How it treats unescaped non-ASCII
input differs between Python 2 and Python 3.

Make it accept strictly less: require printable ASCII.  Drop support
for \b, \f, \n, \r, \t.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py                        | 28 ++++++++-----------
 tests/Makefile.include                        |  3 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err   |  1 +
 ...de-str.exit => string-code-point-127.exit} |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json  |  2 ++
 ...code-str.out => string-code-point-127.out} |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err    |  1 +
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.exit   |  1 +
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json   |  2 ++
 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.out    |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err             |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json            |  2 --
 12 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{unicode-str.exit => string-code-point-127.exit} (100%)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json
 rename tests/qapi-schema/{unicode-str.out => string-code-point-127.out} (100%)
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.exit
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json
 create mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.out
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 54d02458b5..539b50f9ac 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -515,6 +515,7 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
             elif self.tok in '{}:,[]':
                 return
             elif self.tok == "'":
+                # Note: we accept only printable ASCII
                 string = ''
                 esc = False
                 while True:
@@ -523,17 +524,9 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
                     if ch == '\n':
                         raise QAPIParseError(self, 'Missing terminating "\'"')
                     if esc:
-                        if ch == 'b':
-                            string += '\b'
-                        elif ch == 'f':
-                            string += '\f'
-                        elif ch == 'n':
-                            string += '\n'
-                        elif ch == 'r':
-                            string += '\r'
-                        elif ch == 't':
-                            string += '\t'
-                        elif ch == 'u':
+                        # Note: we don't recognize escape sequences
+                        # for control characters
+                        if ch == 'u':
                             value = 0
                             for _ in range(0, 4):
                                 ch = self.src[self.cursor]
@@ -552,20 +545,21 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
                                                      'For now, \\u escape '
                                                      'only supports non-zero '
                                                      'values up to \\u007f')
-                            string += chr(value)
-                        elif ch in '\\/\'"':
-                            string += ch
-                        else:
+                            ch = chr(value)
+                        elif ch not in '\\/\'"':
                             raise QAPIParseError(self,
                                                  "Unknown escape \\%s" % ch)
                         esc = False
                     elif ch == '\\':
                         esc = True
+                        continue
                     elif ch == "'":
                         self.val = string
                         return
-                    else:
-                        string += ch
+                    if ord(ch) < 32 or ord(ch) >= 127:
+                        raise QAPIParseError(
+                            self, "Funny character in string")
+                    string += ch
             elif self.src.startswith('true', self.pos):
                 self.val = True
                 self.cursor += 3
diff --git a/tests/Makefile.include b/tests/Makefile.include
index b39860a8d0..17c53bed52 100644
--- a/tests/Makefile.include
+++ b/tests/Makefile.include
@@ -452,6 +452,8 @@ qapi-schema += returns-array-bad.json
 qapi-schema += returns-dict.json
 qapi-schema += returns-unknown.json
 qapi-schema += returns-whitelist.json
+qapi-schema += string-code-point-31.json
+qapi-schema += string-code-point-127.json
 qapi-schema += struct-base-clash-deep.json
 qapi-schema += struct-base-clash.json
 qapi-schema += struct-data-invalid.json
@@ -463,7 +465,6 @@ qapi-schema += type-bypass-bad-gen.json
 qapi-schema += unclosed-list.json
 qapi-schema += unclosed-object.json
 qapi-schema += unclosed-string.json
-qapi-schema += unicode-str.json
 qapi-schema += union-base-empty.json
 qapi-schema += union-base-no-discriminator.json
 qapi-schema += union-branch-case.json
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..c310910c23
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.err
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json:2:14: Funny character in string
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.exit
similarity index 100%
rename from tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.exit
rename to tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.exit
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..480318a69f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# We accept printable ASCII: code points 32..126.  Test code point 127:
+{ 'command': '\x7f' }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.out b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.out
similarity index 100%
rename from tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.out
rename to tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.out
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..45797928d9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.err
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json:2:14: Funny character in string
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.exit
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..d00491fd7e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.exit
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..f186cbd720
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# We accept printable ASCII: code points 32..126.  Test code point 127:
+{ 'command': '\x1f' }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.out b/tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.out
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..e69de29bb2
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err b/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err
deleted file mode 100644
index f621cd6448..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.err
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json:2: 'command' uses invalid name 'é'
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json b/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json
deleted file mode 100644
index 5253a1b9f3..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/unicode-str.json
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2 +0,0 @@
-# we don't support full Unicode strings, yet
-{ 'command': 'é' }
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 06/16] qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-17 16:18   ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 08/16] qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type Markus Armbruster
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Since the previous commit restricted strings to printable ASCII,
\uXXXX's only use is obfuscation.  Drop it.

This leaves \\, \/, \', and \".  Since QAPI schema strings are all
names, and names are restricted to ASCII letters, digits, hyphen, and
underscore, none of them is useful.

The latter three have no test coverage.  Drop them.

Keep \\ to avoid (more) gratuitous incompatibility with JSON.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py                       | 26 +++-----------------
 tests/Makefile.include                       |  3 ---
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err  |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.exit |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json |  3 ---
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.out  |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err         |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit        |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json        |  3 ---
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out         |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err       |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit      |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json      |  3 ---
 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out       |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err      |  1 +
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit     |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json     |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out      | 16 ------------
 tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json        |  2 +-
 19 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.out
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 539b50f9ac..0fb1d1956a 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -524,29 +524,9 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
                     if ch == '\n':
                         raise QAPIParseError(self, 'Missing terminating "\'"')
                     if esc:
-                        # Note: we don't recognize escape sequences
-                        # for control characters
-                        if ch == 'u':
-                            value = 0
-                            for _ in range(0, 4):
-                                ch = self.src[self.cursor]
-                                self.cursor += 1
-                                if ch not in '0123456789abcdefABCDEF':
-                                    raise QAPIParseError(self,
-                                                         '\\u escape needs 4 '
-                                                         'hex digits')
-                                value = (value << 4) + int(ch, 16)
-                            # If Python 2 and 3 didn't disagree so much on
-                            # how to handle Unicode, then we could allow
-                            # Unicode string defaults.  But most of QAPI is
-                            # ASCII-only, so we aren't losing much for now.
-                            if not value or value > 0x7f:
-                                raise QAPIParseError(self,
-                                                     'For now, \\u escape '
-                                                     'only supports non-zero '
-                                                     'values up to \\u007f')
-                            ch = chr(value)
-                        elif ch not in '\\/\'"':
+                        # Note: we recognize only \\ because we have
+                        # no use for funny characters in strings
+                        if ch != '\\':
                             raise QAPIParseError(self,
                                                  "Unknown escape \\%s" % ch)
                         esc = False
diff --git a/tests/Makefile.include b/tests/Makefile.include
index 17c53bed52..023a4e4789 100644
--- a/tests/Makefile.include
+++ b/tests/Makefile.include
@@ -375,9 +375,6 @@ qapi-schema += enum-int-member.json
 qapi-schema += enum-member-case.json
 qapi-schema += enum-missing-data.json
 qapi-schema += enum-wrong-data.json
-qapi-schema += escape-outside-string.json
-qapi-schema += escape-too-big.json
-qapi-schema += escape-too-short.json
 qapi-schema += event-boxed-empty.json
 qapi-schema += event-case.json
 qapi-schema += event-member-invalid-dict.json
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err
deleted file mode 100644
index b9b8837fd2..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.err
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json:3:27: Stray "\"
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.exit
deleted file mode 100644
index d00491fd7e..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.exit
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json
deleted file mode 100644
index 482f79554b..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.json
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,3 +0,0 @@
-# escape sequences are permitted only inside strings
-# { 'command': 'foo', 'data': {} }
-{ 'command': 'foo', 'data'\u003a{} }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.out b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-outside-string.out
deleted file mode 100644
index e69de29bb2..0000000000
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err
deleted file mode 100644
index d9aeb5dc38..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.err
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json:3:14: For now, \u escape only supports non-zero values up to \u007f
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit
deleted file mode 100644
index d00491fd7e..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.exit
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json
deleted file mode 100644
index 62bcecd557..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.json
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,3 +0,0 @@
-# we don't support full Unicode strings, yet
-# { 'command': 'é' }
-{ 'command': '\u00e9' }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-big.out
deleted file mode 100644
index e69de29bb2..0000000000
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err
deleted file mode 100644
index 934de598ee..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.err
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json:3:14: \u escape needs 4 hex digits
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit
deleted file mode 100644
index d00491fd7e..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.exit
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json
deleted file mode 100644
index 6cb1dec8f7..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.json
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,3 +0,0 @@
-# the \u escape requires 4 hex digits
-# { 'command': 'a' }
-{ 'command': '\u61' }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out b/tests/qapi-schema/escape-too-short.out
deleted file mode 100644
index e69de29bb2..0000000000
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err
index e69de29bb2..5517dcb4b1 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.err
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json:3:3: Unknown escape \u
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit
index 573541ac97..d00491fd7e 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.exit
@@ -1 +1 @@
-0
+1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json
index 56617501e7..76b4503d95 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.json
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# we allow escape sequences in strings, if they map back to ASCII
+# we don't recognize any \ escapes other than \\ (tested elsewhere)
 # { 'command': 'fooA', 'data': { 'bar1': 'str' } }
 { 'c\u006fmmand': '\u0066\u006f\u006FA',
   'd\u0061ta': { '\u0062\u0061\u00721': '\u0073\u0074\u0072' } }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out
index 39754eba8c..e69de29bb2 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/ident-with-escape.out
@@ -1,16 +0,0 @@
-module None
-object q_empty
-enum QType
-    prefix QTYPE
-    member none
-    member qnull
-    member qnum
-    member qstring
-    member qdict
-    member qlist
-    member qbool
-module ident-with-escape.json
-object q_obj_fooA-arg
-    member bar1: str optional=False
-command fooA q_obj_fooA-arg -> None
-   gen=True success_response=True boxed=False oob=False preconfig=False
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json b/tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json
index 8e6891e52a..8372e8024f 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/unknown-escape.json
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
-# we only recognize JSON escape sequences, plus our \' extension (no \x)
+# we only recognize \\
 # { 'command': 'foo', 'data': {} }
 { 'command': 'foo', 'dat\x61':{} }
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 08/16] qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\ Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 09/16] qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch Markus Armbruster
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

We reject empty types with 'boxed': true.  We don't really need that
to work, but making it work is actually simpler than rejecting it, so
do that.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 tests/test-qmp-cmds.c                   |  4 ++++
 scripts/qapi/commands.py                |  4 ++--
 scripts/qapi/common.py                  | 14 ++------------
 scripts/qapi/events.py                  | 10 +++++-----
 tests/Makefile.include                  |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err  |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.exit |  1 -
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json |  3 ---
 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.out  |  0
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json |  2 ++
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out  |  4 ++++
 11 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.exit
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json
 delete mode 100644 tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.out

diff --git a/tests/test-qmp-cmds.c b/tests/test-qmp-cmds.c
index ab389f42da..36fdf5b115 100644
--- a/tests/test-qmp-cmds.c
+++ b/tests/test-qmp-cmds.c
@@ -97,6 +97,10 @@ void qmp_boxed_union(UserDefListUnion *arg, Error **errp)
 {
 }
 
+void qmp_boxed_empty(Empty1 *arg, Error **errp)
+{
+}
+
 __org_qemu_x_Union1 *qmp___org_qemu_x_command(__org_qemu_x_EnumList *a,
                                               __org_qemu_x_StructList *b,
                                               __org_qemu_x_Union2 *c,
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/commands.py b/scripts/qapi/commands.py
index b929e07be4..7e3dd1068a 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/commands.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/commands.py
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ def gen_call(name, arg_type, boxed, ret_type):
 
     argstr = ''
     if boxed:
-        assert arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty()
+        assert arg_type
         argstr = '&arg, '
     elif arg_type:
         assert not arg_type.variants
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ def gen_marshal_decl(name):
 
 
 def gen_marshal(name, arg_type, boxed, ret_type):
-    have_args = arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty()
+    have_args = boxed or (arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty())
 
     ret = mcgen('''
 
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 0fb1d1956a..c5c71287c3 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -1687,12 +1687,7 @@ class QAPISchemaCommand(QAPISchemaEntity):
             self.arg_type = schema.lookup_type(self._arg_type_name)
             assert isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType)
             self.arg_type.check(schema)
-            if self.boxed:
-                if self.arg_type.is_empty():
-                    raise QAPISemError(self.info,
-                                       "Cannot use 'boxed' with empty type")
-            else:
-                assert not self.arg_type.variants
+            assert not self.arg_type.variants or self.boxed
         elif self.boxed:
             raise QAPISemError(self.info, "Use of 'boxed' requires 'data'")
         if self._ret_type_name:
@@ -1721,12 +1716,7 @@ class QAPISchemaEvent(QAPISchemaEntity):
             self.arg_type = schema.lookup_type(self._arg_type_name)
             assert isinstance(self.arg_type, QAPISchemaObjectType)
             self.arg_type.check(schema)
-            if self.boxed:
-                if self.arg_type.is_empty():
-                    raise QAPISemError(self.info,
-                                       "Cannot use 'boxed' with empty type")
-            else:
-                assert not self.arg_type.variants
+            assert not self.arg_type.variants or self.boxed
         elif self.boxed:
             raise QAPISemError(self.info, "Use of 'boxed' requires 'data'")
 
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/events.py b/scripts/qapi/events.py
index b732581046..e0abfef7b0 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/events.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/events.py
@@ -65,6 +65,8 @@ def gen_event_send(name, arg_type, boxed, event_enum_name, event_emit):
     # practice, we can rename our local variables with a leading _ prefix,
     # or split the code into a wrapper function that creates a boxed
     # 'param' object then calls another to do the real work.
+    have_args = boxed or (arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty())
+
     ret = mcgen('''
 
 %(proto)s
@@ -73,15 +75,13 @@ def gen_event_send(name, arg_type, boxed, event_enum_name, event_emit):
 ''',
                 proto=build_event_send_proto(name, arg_type, boxed))
 
-    if arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty():
+    if have_args:
         ret += mcgen('''
     QObject *obj;
     Visitor *v;
 ''')
         if not boxed:
             ret += gen_param_var(arg_type)
-    else:
-        assert not boxed
 
     ret += mcgen('''
 
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ def gen_event_send(name, arg_type, boxed, event_enum_name, event_emit):
 ''',
                  name=name)
 
-    if arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty():
+    if have_args:
         ret += mcgen('''
     v = qobject_output_visitor_new(&obj);
 ''')
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ def gen_event_send(name, arg_type, boxed, event_enum_name, event_emit):
                  event_emit=event_emit,
                  c_enum=c_enum_const(event_enum_name, name))
 
-    if arg_type and not arg_type.is_empty():
+    if have_args:
         ret += mcgen('''
     visit_free(v);
 ''')
diff --git a/tests/Makefile.include b/tests/Makefile.include
index 023a4e4789..52caeb705e 100644
--- a/tests/Makefile.include
+++ b/tests/Makefile.include
@@ -312,7 +312,6 @@ qapi-schema += args-array-empty.json
 qapi-schema += args-array-unknown.json
 qapi-schema += args-bad-boxed.json
 qapi-schema += args-boxed-anon.json
-qapi-schema += args-boxed-empty.json
 qapi-schema += args-boxed-string.json
 qapi-schema += args-int.json
 qapi-schema += args-invalid.json
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err b/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err
deleted file mode 100644
index 039603e85c..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.err
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json:3: Cannot use 'boxed' with empty type
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.exit b/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.exit
deleted file mode 100644
index d00491fd7e..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.exit
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1 +0,0 @@
-1
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json b/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json
deleted file mode 100644
index 52717e065f..0000000000
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.json
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,3 +0,0 @@
-# 'boxed' requires a non-empty type
-{ 'struct': 'Empty', 'data': {} }
-{ 'command': 'foo', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'Empty' }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.out b/tests/qapi-schema/args-boxed-empty.out
deleted file mode 100644
index e69de29bb2..0000000000
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
index 0fadb4ddd7..e6dbbbd328 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@
 { 'command': 'guest-sync', 'data': { 'arg': 'any' }, 'returns': 'any' }
 { 'command': 'boxed-struct', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefZero' }
 { 'command': 'boxed-union', 'data': 'UserDefListUnion', 'boxed': true }
+{ 'command': 'boxed-empty', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'Empty1' }
 
 # Smoke test on out-of-band and allow-preconfig-test
 { 'command': 'test-flags-command', 'allow-oob': true, 'allow-preconfig': true }
@@ -181,6 +182,7 @@
   'data': { 'a' : 'EventStructOne', 'b' : 'str', '*c': 'str', '*enum3': 'EnumOne' } }
 { 'event': 'EVENT_E', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefZero' }
 { 'event': 'EVENT_F', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'UserDefFlatUnion' }
+{ 'event': 'EVENT_G', 'boxed': true, 'data': 'Empty1' }
 
 # test that we correctly compile downstream extensions, as well as munge
 # ticklish names
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
index 5470a525f5..fb00a21996 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
@@ -221,6 +221,8 @@ command boxed-struct UserDefZero -> None
    gen=True success_response=True boxed=True oob=False preconfig=False
 command boxed-union UserDefListUnion -> None
    gen=True success_response=True boxed=True oob=False preconfig=False
+command boxed-empty Empty1 -> None
+   gen=True success_response=True boxed=True oob=False preconfig=False
 command test-flags-command None -> None
    gen=True success_response=True boxed=False oob=True preconfig=True
 object UserDefOptions
@@ -254,6 +256,8 @@ event EVENT_E UserDefZero
    boxed=True
 event EVENT_F UserDefFlatUnion
    boxed=True
+event EVENT_G Empty1
+   boxed=True
 enum __org.qemu_x-Enum
     member __org.qemu_x-value
 object __org.qemu_x-Base
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 09/16] qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 08/16] qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches Markus Armbruster
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

A union or alternate without branches makes no sense and doesn't work:
it can't be instantiated.  A union or alternate with just one branch
works, but is degenerate.  We accept the former, but reject the
latter.  Weird.  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt doesn't mention the
difference.  It claims an alternate definition is "is similar to a
simple union type".

Permit degenerate alternates to make them consistent with unions.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py                  | 6 ++----
 tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err   | 2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json  | 4 ++--
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json | 4 +++-
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out  | 6 ++++--
 5 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index c5c71287c3..99db18f3d6 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -920,11 +920,9 @@ def check_alternate(expr, info):
     members = expr['data']
     types_seen = {}
 
-    # Check every branch; require at least two branches
-    if len(members) < 2:
+    if len(members) == 0:
         raise QAPISemError(info,
-                           "Alternate '%s' should have at least two branches "
-                           "in 'data'" % name)
+                           "Alternate '%s' cannot have empty 'data'" % name)
     for (key, value) in members.items():
         check_name(info, "Member of alternate '%s'" % name, key)
         check_known_keys(info,
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err b/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err
index bb06c5bfec..86dbc666eb 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json:2: Alternate 'Alt' should have at least two branches in 'data'
+tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json:2: Alternate 'Alt' cannot have empty 'data'
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json b/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json
index fff15baf16..9f445474e6 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/alternate-empty.json
@@ -1,2 +1,2 @@
-# alternates must list at least two types to be useful
-{ 'alternate': 'Alt', 'data': { 'i': 'int' } }
+# alternates cannot be empty
+{ 'alternate': 'Alt', 'data': { } }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
index e6dbbbd328..8b0d47c4ab 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
@@ -186,19 +186,21 @@
 
 # test that we correctly compile downstream extensions, as well as munge
 # ticklish names
+# also test union and alternate with just one branch
 { 'enum': '__org.qemu_x-Enum', 'data': [ '__org.qemu_x-value' ] }
 { 'struct': '__org.qemu_x-Base',
   'data': { '__org.qemu_x-member1': '__org.qemu_x-Enum' } }
 { 'struct': '__org.qemu_x-Struct', 'base': '__org.qemu_x-Base',
   'data': { '__org.qemu_x-member2': 'str', '*wchar-t': 'int' } }
 { 'union': '__org.qemu_x-Union1', 'data': { '__org.qemu_x-branch': 'str' } }
+{ 'alternate': '__org.qemu_x-Alt1', 'data': { '__org.qemu_x-branch': 'str' } }
 { 'struct': '__org.qemu_x-Struct2',
   'data': { 'array': ['__org.qemu_x-Union1'] } }
 { 'union': '__org.qemu_x-Union2', 'base': '__org.qemu_x-Base',
   'discriminator': '__org.qemu_x-member1',
   'data': { '__org.qemu_x-value': '__org.qemu_x-Struct2' } }
 { 'alternate': '__org.qemu_x-Alt',
-  'data': { '__org.qemu_x-branch': 'str', 'b': '__org.qemu_x-Base' } }
+  'data': { '__org.qemu_x-branch': '__org.qemu_x-Base' } }
 { 'event': '__ORG.QEMU_X-EVENT', 'data': '__org.qemu_x-Struct' }
 { 'command': '__org.qemu_x-command',
   'data': { 'a': ['__org.qemu_x-Enum'], 'b': ['__org.qemu_x-Struct'],
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
index fb00a21996..bea7976bbb 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
@@ -274,6 +274,9 @@ object __org.qemu_x-Union1
     member type: __org.qemu_x-Union1Kind optional=False
     tag type
     case __org.qemu_x-branch: q_obj_str-wrapper
+alternate __org.qemu_x-Alt1
+    tag type
+    case __org.qemu_x-branch: str
 array __org.qemu_x-Union1List __org.qemu_x-Union1
 object __org.qemu_x-Struct2
     member array: __org.qemu_x-Union1List optional=False
@@ -283,8 +286,7 @@ object __org.qemu_x-Union2
     case __org.qemu_x-value: __org.qemu_x-Struct2
 alternate __org.qemu_x-Alt
     tag type
-    case __org.qemu_x-branch: str
-    case b: __org.qemu_x-Base
+    case __org.qemu_x-branch: __org.qemu_x-Base
 event __ORG.QEMU_X-EVENT __org.qemu_x-Struct
    boxed=False
 array __org.qemu_x-EnumList __org.qemu_x-Enum
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 09/16] qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-17 16:20   ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 11/16] qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member Markus Armbruster
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Absent flat union branches default to the empty struct (since commit
800877bb16 "qapi: allow empty branches in flat unions").  But am
attempt to omit all of them is rejected with "Union 'FOO' has no
branches".  Harmless oddity, but it's easy to avoid, so do that.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt            |  3 +--
 scripts/qapi/common.py                  | 16 ++++++++--------
 tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err  |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json |  5 +++++
 tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out  |  9 +++++++++
 tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err       |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json      |  2 +-
 8 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index 4ce67752a7..ec2d374483 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -436,8 +436,7 @@ Union types are used to let the user choose between several different
 variants for an object.  There are two flavors: simple (no
 discriminator or base), and flat (both discriminator and base).  A union
 type is defined using a data dictionary as explained in the following
-paragraphs.  The data dictionary for either type of union must not
-be empty.
+paragraphs.  Unions must have at least one branch.
 
 A simple union type defines a mapping from automatic discriminator
 values to data types like in this example:
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 99db18f3d6..3393a049cc 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -852,7 +852,7 @@ def check_union(expr, info):
 
     # With no discriminator it is a simple union.
     if discriminator is None:
-        enum_define = None
+        enum_values = members.keys()
         allow_metas = ['built-in', 'union', 'alternate', 'struct', 'enum']
         if base is not None:
             raise QAPISemError(info, "Simple union '%s' must not have a base" %
@@ -885,16 +885,17 @@ def check_union(expr, info):
                                'must not be conditional' %
                                (base, discriminator, name))
         enum_define = enum_types.get(discriminator_value['type'])
-        allow_metas = ['struct']
         # Do not allow string discriminator
         if not enum_define:
             raise QAPISemError(info,
                                "Discriminator '%s' must be of enumeration "
                                "type" % discriminator)
+        enum_values = enum_get_names(enum_define)
+        allow_metas = ['struct']
+
+    if (len(enum_values) == 0):
+        raise QAPISemError(info, "Union '%s' has no branches" % name)
 
-    # Check every branch; don't allow an empty union
-    if len(members) == 0:
-        raise QAPISemError(info, "Union '%s' cannot have empty 'data'" % name)
     for (key, value) in members.items():
         check_name(info, "Member of union '%s'" % name, key)
 
@@ -907,8 +908,8 @@ def check_union(expr, info):
 
         # If the discriminator names an enum type, then all members
         # of 'data' must also be members of the enum type.
-        if enum_define:
-            if key not in enum_get_names(enum_define):
+        if discriminator is not None:
+            if key not in enum_values:
                 raise QAPISemError(info,
                                    "Discriminator value '%s' is not found in "
                                    "enum '%s'"
@@ -1578,7 +1579,6 @@ class QAPISchemaObjectTypeVariants(object):
         assert bool(tag_member) != bool(tag_name)
         assert (isinstance(tag_name, str) or
                 isinstance(tag_member, QAPISchemaObjectTypeMember))
-        assert len(variants) > 0
         for v in variants:
             assert isinstance(v, QAPISchemaObjectTypeVariant)
         self._tag_name = tag_name
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err b/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err
index 15754f54eb..fedbc0d1cf 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json:4: Union 'Union' cannot have empty 'data'
+tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json:4: Union 'Union' has no branches
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json b/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json
index 77f1d9abfb..83e1cc7b96 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/flat-union-empty.json
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# flat unions cannot be empty
+# flat union discriminator cannot be empty
 { 'enum': 'Empty', 'data': [ ] }
 { 'struct': 'Base', 'data': { 'type': 'Empty' } }
 { 'union': 'Union', 'base': 'Base', 'discriminator': 'type', 'data': { } }
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
index 8b0d47c4ab..75c42eb0e3 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.json
@@ -25,6 +25,11 @@
 { 'struct': 'Empty1', 'data': { } }
 { 'struct': 'Empty2', 'base': 'Empty1', 'data': { } }
 
+# Likewise for an empty flat union
+{ 'union': 'Union',
+  'base': { 'type': 'EnumOne' }, 'discriminator': 'type',
+  'data': { } }
+
 { 'command': 'user_def_cmd0', 'data': 'Empty2', 'returns': 'Empty2' }
 
 # for testing override of default naming heuristic
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
index bea7976bbb..98031da96f 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/qapi-schema-test.out
@@ -23,6 +23,15 @@ enum MyEnum
 object Empty1
 object Empty2
     base Empty1
+object q_obj_Union-base
+    member type: EnumOne optional=False
+object Union
+    base q_obj_Union-base
+    tag type
+    case value1: q_empty
+    case value2: q_empty
+    case value3: q_empty
+    case value4: q_empty
 command user_def_cmd0 Empty2 -> Empty2
    gen=True success_response=True boxed=False oob=False preconfig=False
 enum QEnumTwo
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err b/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err
index 12c20221bd..d4241a38a2 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json:2: Union 'Union' cannot have empty 'data'
+tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json:2: Union 'Union' has no branches
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json b/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json
index 1f0b13ca21..df3e5e639a 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/union-empty.json
@@ -1,2 +1,2 @@
-# unions cannot be empty
+# simple unions cannot be empty
 { 'union': 'Union', 'data': { } }
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 11/16] qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 12/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability Markus Armbruster
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

For consistency with docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py                  | 11 ++++++++---
 scripts/qapi/events.py                  |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err  |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index 3393a049cc..a538d2f37c 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -1340,7 +1340,7 @@ class QAPISchemaEnumType(QAPISchemaType):
     def __init__(self, name, info, doc, ifcond, members, prefix):
         QAPISchemaType.__init__(self, name, info, doc, ifcond)
         for m in members:
-            assert isinstance(m, QAPISchemaMember)
+            assert isinstance(m, QAPISchemaEnumMember)
             m.set_owner(name)
         assert prefix is None or isinstance(prefix, str)
         self.members = members
@@ -1551,6 +1551,10 @@ class QAPISchemaMember(object):
         return "'%s' %s" % (self.name, self._pretty_owner())
 
 
+class QAPISchemaEnumMember(QAPISchemaMember):
+    role = 'value'
+
+
 class QAPISchemaFeature(QAPISchemaMember):
     role = 'feature'
 
@@ -1807,7 +1811,8 @@ class QAPISchema(object):
         return [QAPISchemaFeature(f['name'], f.get('if')) for f in features]
 
     def _make_enum_members(self, values):
-        return [QAPISchemaMember(v['name'], v.get('if')) for v in values]
+        return [QAPISchemaEnumMember(v['name'], v.get('if'))
+                for v in values]
 
     def _make_implicit_enum_type(self, name, info, ifcond, values):
         # See also QAPISchemaObjectTypeMember._pretty_owner()
@@ -2223,7 +2228,7 @@ const QEnumLookup %(c_name)s_lookup = {
 
 def gen_enum(name, members, prefix=None):
     # append automatically generated _MAX value
-    enum_members = members + [QAPISchemaMember('_MAX')]
+    enum_members = members + [QAPISchemaEnumMember('_MAX')]
 
     ret = mcgen('''
 
diff --git a/scripts/qapi/events.py b/scripts/qapi/events.py
index e0abfef7b0..7062553cf3 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/events.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/events.py
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ void %(event_emit)s(%(event_enum)s event, QDict *qdict);
                                           self._event_emit_name))
         # Note: we generate the enum member regardless of @ifcond, to
         # keep the enumeration usable in target-independent code.
-        self._event_enum_members.append(QAPISchemaMember(name))
+        self._event_enum_members.append(QAPISchemaEnumMember(name))
 
 
 def gen_events(schema, output_dir, prefix):
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err
index 5403c78507..8238d2e807 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.json:2: 'one_two' (member of MyEnum) collides with 'one-two' (member of MyEnum)
+tests/qapi-schema/enum-clash-member.json:2: 'one_two' (value of MyEnum) collides with 'one-two' (value of MyEnum)
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err
index 3c67a3a067..5d689e92d5 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.json:4: 'Value' (member of NoWayThisWillGetWhitelisted) should not use uppercase
+tests/qapi-schema/enum-member-case.json:4: 'Value' (value of NoWayThisWillGetWhitelisted) should not use uppercase
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 12/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 11/16] qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations Markus Armbruster
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Section "QMP/Guest agent schema" starts with a brief introduction,
then subsection "Comments", then subsection "Schema overview" (more
elaborate introduction), and only then talks about schema entities
like types, commands, and so forth.

Subsection "Comments" is long and tiring: almost 500 words, mostly
about doc comments.  Move the doc comment part to its own subsection
"Documentation comments" at the very end of "QMP/Guest agent schema".

Subsection "Schema overview" explains naming rules at considerable
length: 250 words.  Move this part to its own subsection "Naming rules
and reserved names" right after the subsections on schema entities.

Subsection "Enumeration types" is wedged between "Struct types" and
"Union types".  Move it before "Struct types".

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 436 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 1 file changed, 221 insertions(+), 215 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index ec2d374483..663ef10a56 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -50,147 +50,6 @@ schema requires the use of JSON numbers or null.
 Comments are allowed; anything between an unquoted # and the following
 newline is ignored.
 
-A multi-line comment that starts and ends with a '##' line is a
-documentation comment.  These are parsed by the documentation
-generator, which recognizes certain markup detailed below.
-
-
-==== Documentation markup ====
-
-Comment text starting with '=' is a section title:
-
-    # = Section title
-
-Double the '=' for a subsection title:
-
-    # == Subsection title
-
-'|' denotes examples:
-
-    # | Text of the example, may span
-    # | multiple lines
-
-'*' starts an itemized list:
-
-    # * First item, may span
-    #   multiple lines
-    # * Second item
-
-You can also use '-' instead of '*'.
-
-A decimal number followed by '.' starts a numbered list:
-
-    # 1. First item, may span
-    #    multiple lines
-    # 2. Second item
-
-The actual number doesn't matter.  You could even use '*' instead of
-'2.' for the second item.
-
-Lists can't be nested.  Blank lines are currently not supported within
-lists.
-
-Additional whitespace between the initial '#' and the comment text is
-permitted.
-
-*foo* and _foo_ are for strong and emphasis styles respectively (they
-do not work over multiple lines). @foo is used to reference a name in
-the schema.
-
-Example:
-
-##
-# = Section
-# == Subsection
-#
-# Some text foo with *strong* and _emphasis_
-# 1. with a list
-# 2. like that
-#
-# And some code:
-# | $ echo foo
-# | -> do this
-# | <- get that
-#
-##
-
-
-==== Expression documentation ====
-
-Expressions other than include and pragma directives may be preceded
-by a documentation block.  Such blocks are called expression
-documentation blocks.
-
-When documentation is required (see pragma 'doc-required'), expression
-documentation blocks are mandatory.
-
-The documentation block consists of a first line naming the
-expression, an optional overview, a description of each argument (for
-commands and events) or member (for structs, unions and alternates),
-and optional tagged sections.
-
-FIXME: the parser accepts these things in almost any order.
-
-Extensions added after the expression was first released carry a
-'(since x.y.z)' comment.
-
-A tagged section starts with one of the following words:
-"Note:"/"Notes:", "Since:", "Example"/"Examples", "Returns:", "TODO:".
-The section ends with the start of a new section.
-
-A 'Since: x.y.z' tagged section lists the release that introduced the
-expression.
-
-For example:
-
-##
-# @BlockStats:
-#
-# Statistics of a virtual block device or a block backing device.
-#
-# @device: If the stats are for a virtual block device, the name
-#          corresponding to the virtual block device.
-#
-# @node-name: The node name of the device. (since 2.3)
-#
-# ... more members ...
-#
-# Since: 0.14.0
-##
-{ 'struct': 'BlockStats',
-  'data': {'*device': 'str', '*node-name': 'str',
-           ... more members ... } }
-
-##
-# @query-blockstats:
-#
-# Query the @BlockStats for all virtual block devices.
-#
-# @query-nodes: If true, the command will query all the
-#               block nodes ... explain, explain ...  (since 2.3)
-#
-# Returns: A list of @BlockStats for each virtual block devices.
-#
-# Since: 0.14.0
-#
-# Example:
-#
-# -> { "execute": "query-blockstats" }
-# <- {
-#      ... lots of output ...
-#    }
-#
-##
-{ 'command': 'query-blockstats',
-  'data': { '*query-nodes': 'bool' },
-  'returns': ['BlockStats'] }
-
-==== Free-form documentation ====
-
-A documentation block that isn't an expression documentation block is
-a free-form documentation block.  These may be used to provide
-additional text and structuring content.
-
 
 === Schema overview ===
 
@@ -217,43 +76,6 @@ refers to a single-dimension array of that type; multi-dimension
 arrays are not directly supported (although an array of a complex
 struct that contains an array member is possible).
 
-All names must begin with a letter, and contain only ASCII letters,
-digits, hyphen, and underscore.  There are two exceptions: enum values
-may start with a digit, and names that are downstream extensions (see
-section Downstream extensions) start with underscore.
-
-Names beginning with 'q_' are reserved for the generator, which uses
-them for munging QMP names that resemble C keywords or other
-problematic strings.  For example, a member named "default" in qapi
-becomes "q_default" in the generated C code.
-
-Types, commands, and events share a common namespace.  Therefore,
-generally speaking, type definitions should always use CamelCase for
-user-defined type names, while built-in types are lowercase.
-
-Type names ending with 'Kind' or 'List' are reserved for the
-generator, which uses them for implicit union enums and array types,
-respectively.
-
-Command names, and member names within a type, should be all lower
-case with words separated by a hyphen.  However, some existing older
-commands and complex types use underscore; when extending such
-expressions, consistency is preferred over blindly avoiding
-underscore.
-
-Event names should be ALL_CAPS with words separated by underscore.
-
-Member name 'u' and names starting with 'has-' or 'has_' are reserved
-for the generator, which uses them for unions and for tracking
-optional members.
-
-Any name (command, event, type, member, or enum value) beginning with
-"x-" is marked experimental, and may be withdrawn or changed
-incompatibly in a future release.
-
-Pragma 'name-case-whitelist' lets you violate the rules on use of
-upper and lower case.  Use for new code is strongly discouraged.
-
 In the rest of this document, usage lines are given for each
 expression type, with literal strings written in lower case and
 placeholders written in capitals.  If a literal string includes a
@@ -328,6 +150,43 @@ Pragma 'name-case-whitelist' takes a list of names that may violate
 rules on use of upper- vs. lower-case letters.  Default is none.
 
 
+=== Enumeration types ===
+
+Usage: { 'enum': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
+       { 'enum': STRING, '*prefix': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
+
+An enumeration type is a dictionary containing a single 'data' key
+whose value is a list of strings.  An example enumeration is:
+
+ { 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'value1', 'value2', 'value3' ] }
+
+Nothing prevents an empty enumeration, although it is probably not
+useful.  The list of strings should be lower case; if an enum name
+represents multiple words, use '-' between words.  The string 'max' is
+not allowed as an enum value, and values should not be repeated.
+
+The enum constants will be named by using a heuristic to turn the
+type name into a set of underscore separated words. For the example
+above, 'MyEnum' will turn into 'MY_ENUM' giving a constant name
+of 'MY_ENUM_VALUE1' for the first value. If the default heuristic
+does not result in a desirable name, the optional 'prefix' member
+can be used when defining the enum.
+
+The enumeration values are passed as strings over the Client JSON
+Protocol, but are encoded as C enum integral values in generated code.
+While the C code starts numbering at 0, it is better to use explicit
+comparisons to enum values than implicit comparisons to 0; the C code
+will also include a generated enum member ending in _MAX for tracking
+the size of the enum, useful when using common functions for
+converting between strings and enum values.  Since the wire format
+always passes by name, it is acceptable to reorder or add new
+enumeration members in any location without breaking clients of Client
+JSON Protocol; however, removing enum values would break
+compatibility.  For any struct that has a member that will only contain
+a finite set of string values, using an enum type for that member is
+better than open-coding the member to be type 'str'.
+
+
 === Struct types ===
 
 Usage: { 'struct': STRING, 'data': DICT, '*base': STRUCT-NAME }
@@ -389,43 +248,6 @@ both members like this:
    "backing": "/some/place/my-backing-file" }
 
 
-=== Enumeration types ===
-
-Usage: { 'enum': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
-       { 'enum': STRING, '*prefix': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
-
-An enumeration type is a dictionary containing a single 'data' key
-whose value is a list of strings.  An example enumeration is:
-
- { 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'value1', 'value2', 'value3' ] }
-
-Nothing prevents an empty enumeration, although it is probably not
-useful.  The list of strings should be lower case; if an enum name
-represents multiple words, use '-' between words.  The string 'max' is
-not allowed as an enum value, and values should not be repeated.
-
-The enum constants will be named by using a heuristic to turn the
-type name into a set of underscore separated words. For the example
-above, 'MyEnum' will turn into 'MY_ENUM' giving a constant name
-of 'MY_ENUM_VALUE1' for the first value. If the default heuristic
-does not result in a desirable name, the optional 'prefix' member
-can be used when defining the enum.
-
-The enumeration values are passed as strings over the Client JSON
-Protocol, but are encoded as C enum integral values in generated code.
-While the C code starts numbering at 0, it is better to use explicit
-comparisons to enum values than implicit comparisons to 0; the C code
-will also include a generated enum member ending in _MAX for tracking
-the size of the enum, useful when using common functions for
-converting between strings and enum values.  Since the wire format
-always passes by name, it is acceptable to reorder or add new
-enumeration members in any location without breaking clients of Client
-JSON Protocol; however, removing enum values would break
-compatibility.  For any struct that has a member that will only contain
-a finite set of string values, using an enum type for that member is
-better than open-coding the member to be type 'str'.
-
-
 === Union types ===
 
 Usage: { 'union': STRING, 'data': DICT }
@@ -744,6 +566,46 @@ This expanded form is necessary if you want to make the feature
 conditional (see below in "Configuring the schema").
 
 
+=== Naming rules and reserved names ===
+
+All names must begin with a letter, and contain only ASCII letters,
+digits, hyphen, and underscore.  There are two exceptions: enum values
+may start with a digit, and names that are downstream extensions (see
+section Downstream extensions) start with underscore.
+
+Names beginning with 'q_' are reserved for the generator, which uses
+them for munging QMP names that resemble C keywords or other
+problematic strings.  For example, a member named "default" in qapi
+becomes "q_default" in the generated C code.
+
+Types, commands, and events share a common namespace.  Therefore,
+generally speaking, type definitions should always use CamelCase for
+user-defined type names, while built-in types are lowercase.
+
+Type names ending with 'Kind' or 'List' are reserved for the
+generator, which uses them for implicit union enums and array types,
+respectively.
+
+Command names, and member names within a type, should be all lower
+case with words separated by a hyphen.  However, some existing older
+commands and complex types use underscore; when extending such
+expressions, consistency is preferred over blindly avoiding
+underscore.
+
+Event names should be ALL_CAPS with words separated by underscore.
+
+Member name 'u' and names starting with 'has-' or 'has_' are reserved
+for the generator, which uses them for unions and for tracking
+optional members.
+
+Any name (command, event, type, member, or enum value) beginning with
+"x-" is marked experimental, and may be withdrawn or changed
+incompatibly in a future release.
+
+Pragma 'name-case-whitelist' lets you violate the rules on use of
+upper and lower case.  Use for new code is strongly discouraged.
+
+
 === Downstream extensions ===
 
 QAPI schema names that are externally visible, say in the Client JSON
@@ -814,6 +676,150 @@ The presence of 'if' keys in the schema is reflected through to the
 introspection output depending on the build configuration.
 
 
+=== Documentation comments ===
+
+A multi-line comment that starts and ends with a '##' line is a
+documentation comment.  These are parsed by the documentation
+generator, which recognizes certain markup detailed below.
+
+
+==== Documentation markup ====
+
+Comment text starting with '=' is a section title:
+
+    # = Section title
+
+Double the '=' for a subsection title:
+
+    # == Subsection title
+
+'|' denotes examples:
+
+    # | Text of the example, may span
+    # | multiple lines
+
+'*' starts an itemized list:
+
+    # * First item, may span
+    #   multiple lines
+    # * Second item
+
+You can also use '-' instead of '*'.
+
+A decimal number followed by '.' starts a numbered list:
+
+    # 1. First item, may span
+    #    multiple lines
+    # 2. Second item
+
+The actual number doesn't matter.  You could even use '*' instead of
+'2.' for the second item.
+
+Lists can't be nested.  Blank lines are currently not supported within
+lists.
+
+Additional whitespace between the initial '#' and the comment text is
+permitted.
+
+*foo* and _foo_ are for strong and emphasis styles respectively (they
+do not work over multiple lines).  @foo is used to reference a name in
+the schema.
+
+Example:
+
+##
+# = Section
+# == Subsection
+#
+# Some text foo with *strong* and _emphasis_
+# 1. with a list
+# 2. like that
+#
+# And some code:
+# | $ echo foo
+# | -> do this
+# | <- get that
+#
+##
+
+
+==== Expression documentation ====
+
+Expressions other than include and pragma directives may be preceded
+by a documentation block.  Such blocks are called expression
+documentation blocks.
+
+When documentation is required (see pragma 'doc-required'), expression
+documentation blocks are mandatory.
+
+The documentation block consists of a first line naming the
+expression, an optional overview, a description of each argument (for
+commands and events) or member (for structs, unions and alternates),
+and optional tagged sections.
+
+FIXME: the parser accepts these things in almost any order.
+
+Extensions added after the expression was first released carry a
+'(since x.y.z)' comment.
+
+A tagged section starts with one of the following words:
+"Note:"/"Notes:", "Since:", "Example"/"Examples", "Returns:", "TODO:".
+The section ends with the start of a new section.
+
+A 'Since: x.y.z' tagged section lists the release that introduced the
+expression.
+
+For example:
+
+##
+# @BlockStats:
+#
+# Statistics of a virtual block device or a block backing device.
+#
+# @device: If the stats are for a virtual block device, the name
+#          corresponding to the virtual block device.
+#
+# @node-name: The node name of the device. (since 2.3)
+#
+# ... more members ...
+#
+# Since: 0.14.0
+##
+{ 'struct': 'BlockStats',
+  'data': {'*device': 'str', '*node-name': 'str',
+           ... more members ... } }
+
+##
+# @query-blockstats:
+#
+# Query the @BlockStats for all virtual block devices.
+#
+# @query-nodes: If true, the command will query all the
+#               block nodes ... explain, explain ...  (since 2.3)
+#
+# Returns: A list of @BlockStats for each virtual block devices.
+#
+# Since: 0.14.0
+#
+# Example:
+#
+# -> { "execute": "query-blockstats" }
+# <- {
+#      ... lots of output ...
+#    }
+#
+##
+{ 'command': 'query-blockstats',
+  'data': { '*query-nodes': 'bool' },
+  'returns': ['BlockStats'] }
+
+==== Free-form documentation ====
+
+A documentation block that isn't an expression documentation block is
+a free-form documentation block.  These may be used to provide
+additional text and structuring content.
+
+
 == Client JSON Protocol introspection ==
 
 Clients of a Client JSON Protocol commonly need to figure out what
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 12/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-17 16:22   ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 14/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema Markus Armbruster
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

We have some compatibility advice buried in sections "Enumeration
types" and "Struct types".  Compatibility is actually about commands
and events.  It devolves to the types used there.  All kinds of types,
not just enumerations and structs.

Replace the existing advice by a new section "Compatibility
considerations".

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 60 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index 663ef10a56..2406e1bdbc 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -178,14 +178,11 @@ While the C code starts numbering at 0, it is better to use explicit
 comparisons to enum values than implicit comparisons to 0; the C code
 will also include a generated enum member ending in _MAX for tracking
 the size of the enum, useful when using common functions for
-converting between strings and enum values.  Since the wire format
-always passes by name, it is acceptable to reorder or add new
-enumeration members in any location without breaking clients of Client
-JSON Protocol; however, removing enum values would break
-compatibility.  For any struct that has a member that will only contain
-a finite set of string values, using an enum type for that member is
-better than open-coding the member to be type 'str'.
+converting between strings and enum values.
 
+For any struct that has a member that will only contain a finite set
+of string values, using an enum type for that member is better than
+open-coding the member to be type 'str'.
 
 === Struct types ===
 
@@ -203,34 +200,6 @@ name.  An example of a struct is:
 The use of '*' as a prefix to the name means the member is optional in
 the corresponding JSON protocol usage.
 
-The default initialization value of an optional argument should not be changed
-between versions of QEMU unless the new default maintains backward
-compatibility to the user-visible behavior of the old default.
-
-With proper documentation, this policy still allows some flexibility; for
-example, documenting that a default of 0 picks an optimal buffer size allows
-one release to declare the optimal size at 512 while another release declares
-the optimal size at 4096 - the user-visible behavior is not the bytes used by
-the buffer, but the fact that the buffer was optimal size.
-
-On input structures (only mentioned in the 'data' side of a command), changing
-from mandatory to optional is safe (older clients will supply the option, and
-newer clients can benefit from the default); changing from optional to
-mandatory is backwards incompatible (older clients may be omitting the option,
-and must continue to work).
-
-On output structures (only mentioned in the 'returns' side of a command),
-changing from mandatory to optional is in general unsafe (older clients may be
-expecting the member, and could crash if it is missing), although it
-can be done if the only way that the optional argument will be omitted
-is when it is triggered by the presence of a new input flag to the
-command that older clients don't know to send.  Changing from optional
-to mandatory is safe.
-
-A structure that is used in both input and output of various commands
-must consider the backwards compatibility constraints of both directions
-of use.
-
 A struct definition can specify another struct as its base.
 In this case, the members of the base type are included as top-level members
 of the new struct's dictionary in the Client JSON Protocol wire
@@ -1037,6 +1006,62 @@ the names of built-in types.  Clients should examine member
 "json-type" instead of hard-coding names of built-in types.
 
 
+== Compatibility considerations ==
+
+Maintaining backward compatibility at the Client JSON Protocol level
+while evolving the schema requires some care.  This section is about
+syntactic compatibility, which is necessary, but not sufficient, for
+actual compatibility.
+
+Clients send commands with argument data, and receive command
+responses with return data and events with event data.
+
+Adding opt-in functionality to the send direction is backwards
+compatible: adding commands, optional arguments, enumeration values,
+union and alternate branches; turning an argument type into an
+alternate of that type; making mandatory arguments optional.  Clients
+oblivious of the new functionality continue to work.
+
+Incompatible changes include removing commands, command arguments,
+enumeration values, union and alternate branches, adding mandatory
+command arguments, and making optional arguments mandatory.
+
+The specified behavior of an absent optional argument should remain
+the same.  With proper documentation, this policy still allows some
+flexibility; for example, when an optional 'buffer-size' argument is
+specified to default to a sensible buffer size, the actual default
+value can still be changed.  The specified default behavior is not the
+exact size of the buffer, only that the default size is sensible.
+
+Adding functionality to the receive direction is generally backwards
+compatible: adding events, adding return and event data members.
+Clients are expected to ignore the ones they don't know.
+
+Removing "unreachable" stuff like events that can't be triggered
+anymore, optional return or event data members that can't be sent
+anymore, and return or event data member (enumeration) values that
+can't be sent anymore makes no difference to clients, except for
+introspection.  The latter can conceivably confuse clients, so tread
+carefully.
+
+Incompatible changes include removing return and event data members.
+
+Any change to a command definition's 'data' or one of the types used
+there (recursively) needs to consider send direction compatibility.
+
+Any change to a command definition's 'return', an event definition's
+'data', or one of the types used there (recursively) needs to consider
+receive direction compatibility.
+
+Any change to types used in both contexts need to consider both.
+
+Members of enumeration types, complex types and alternate types may be
+reordered freely.  For enumerations and alternate types, this doesn't
+affect the wire encoding.  For complex types, this might make the
+implementation emit JSON object members in a different order, which
+the Client JSON Protocol permits.
+
+
 == Code generation ==
 
 The QAPI code generator qapi-gen.py generates code and documentation
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 14/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 15/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc Markus Armbruster
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

The introduction to the QAPI schema is somewhat rambling.  Rewrite for
clarity.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 107 ++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index 2406e1bdbc..e75d680f6e 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -16,65 +16,54 @@ well as the QEMU Guest Agent (QGA) for communicating with the guest.
 The remainder of this document uses "Client JSON Protocol" when
 referring to the wire contents of a QMP or QGA connection.
 
-To map Client JSON Protocol interfaces to the native C QAPI
-implementations, a JSON-based schema is used to define types and
-function signatures, and a set of scripts is used to generate types,
-signatures, and marshaling/dispatch code. This document will describe
-how the schemas, scripts, and resulting code are used.
-
-
-== QMP/Guest agent schema ==
-
-A QAPI schema file is designed to be loosely based on JSON
-(http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc8259.txt) with changes for quoting style
-and the use of comments; a QAPI schema file is then parsed by a python
-code generation program.  A valid QAPI schema consists of a series of
-top-level expressions, with no commas between them.  Where
-dictionaries (JSON objects) are used, they are parsed as python
-OrderedDicts so that ordering is preserved (for predictable layout of
-generated C structs and parameter lists).  Ordering doesn't matter
-between top-level expressions or the keys within an expression, but
-does matter within dictionary values for 'data' and 'returns' members
-of a single expression.  QAPI schema input is written using 'single
-quotes' instead of JSON's "double quotes" (in contrast, Client JSON
-Protocol uses no comments, and while input accepts 'single quotes' as
-an extension, output is strict JSON using only "double quotes").  As
-in JSON, trailing commas are not permitted in arrays or dictionaries.
-Input must be ASCII (although QMP supports full Unicode strings, the
-QAPI parser does not).  At present, there is no place where a QAPI
-schema requires the use of JSON numbers or null.
-
-
-=== Comments ===
-
-Comments are allowed; anything between an unquoted # and the following
-newline is ignored.
-
-
-=== Schema overview ===
-
-The schema sets up a series of types, as well as commands and events
-that will use those types.  Forward references are allowed: the parser
-scans in two passes, where the first pass learns all type names, and
-the second validates the schema and generates the code.  This allows
-the definition of complex structs that can have mutually recursive
-types, and allows for indefinite nesting of Client JSON Protocol that
-satisfies the schema.  A type name should not be defined more than
-once.  It is permissible for the schema to contain additional types
-not used by any commands or events in the Client JSON Protocol, for
-the side effect of generated C code used internally.
-
-There are eight top-level expressions recognized by the parser:
-'include', 'pragma', 'command', 'struct', 'enum', 'union',
-'alternate', and 'event'.  There are several groups of types: simple
-types (a number of built-in types, such as 'int' and 'str'; as well as
-enumerations), complex types (structs and two flavors of unions), and
-alternate types (a choice between other types).  The 'command' and
-'event' expressions can refer to existing types by name, or list an
-anonymous type as a dictionary. Listing a type name inside an array
-refers to a single-dimension array of that type; multi-dimension
-arrays are not directly supported (although an array of a complex
-struct that contains an array member is possible).
+To map between Client JSON Protocol interfaces and the native C API,
+we generate C code from a QAPI schema.  This document describes the
+QAPI schema language, and how it gets mapped to the Client JSON
+Protocol and to C.  It additionally provides guidance on maintaining
+Client JSON Protocol compatibility.
+
+
+== The QAPI schema language ==
+
+The QAPI schema defines the Client JSON Protocol's commands and
+events, as well as types used by them.  Forward references are
+allowed.
+
+It is permissible for the schema to contain additional types not used
+by any commands or events, for the side effect of generated C code
+used internally.
+
+There are several kinds of types: simple types (a number of built-in
+types, such as 'int' and 'str'; as well as enumerations), arrays,
+complex types (structs and two flavors of unions), and alternate types
+(a choice between other types).
+
+
+=== Schema syntax ===
+
+Syntax is loosely based on JSON (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc8259.txt).
+Differences:
+
+* Comments: start with a hash character (#) that is not part of a
+  string, and extend to the end of the line.
+
+* Strings are enclosed in 'single quotes', not "double quotes".
+
+* Strings are restricted to printable ASCII, and escape sequences to
+  just '\\'.
+
+* Numbers are not supported.
+
+A QAPI schema consists of a series of top-level expressions (JSON
+objects).  Code and documentation is generated in schema definition
+order.  Code order should not matter.
+
+The order of keys within JSON objects does not matter unless
+explicitly noted.
+
+There are eight kinds of top-level expressions: 'include', 'pragma',
+'command', 'struct', 'enum', 'union', 'alternate', and 'event'.  These
+are discussed in detail below.
 
 In the rest of this document, usage lines are given for each
 expression type, with literal strings written in lower case and
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 15/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 14/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 16/16] qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt Markus Armbruster
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

We document the language by giving patterns of valid JSON objects.
The patterns contain placeholders we don't define anywhere; their
names have to speak for themselves.  I guess they do, but I'd prefer a
bit more rigor.  Provide a grammar instead, and rework the text
accordingly.

Documentation for QAPI schema conditionals (commit 967c885108,
6cc32b0e14, 87adbbffd4..3e270dcacc) and feature flags (commit
6a8c0b5102) was bolted on.  The sections documenting types, commands
and events don't mention them.  Section "Features" and "Configuring
the schema" then provide additional syntax for types, commands and
events.  I hate that.  Fix the sections documenting types, commands
and events to provide accurate syntax, and point to "Features" and
"Configuring the schema" for details.

We talk about "(top-level) expressions other than include and pragma".
Adopt more convenient terminology: a (top-level) expression is either
a directive (include or pragma) or a definition (anything else).

Avoid the terms "dictionary" and "key".  Stick to JSON terminology
"object" and "member name" instead.

While there, make spacing more consistent.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 596 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 372 insertions(+), 224 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
index e75d680f6e..94f3054898 100644
--- a/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
+++ b/docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
@@ -4,12 +4,12 @@ Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
 Copyright (C) 2012-2016 Red Hat, Inc.
 
 This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or
-later. See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+later.  See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
 
 == Introduction ==
 
 QAPI is a native C API within QEMU which provides management-level
-functionality to internal and external users. For external
+functionality to internal and external users.  For external
 users/processes, this interface is made available by a JSON-based wire
 format for the QEMU Monitor Protocol (QMP) for controlling qemu, as
 well as the QEMU Guest Agent (QGA) for communicating with the guest.
@@ -54,24 +54,49 @@ Differences:
 
 * Numbers are not supported.
 
-A QAPI schema consists of a series of top-level expressions (JSON
-objects).  Code and documentation is generated in schema definition
-order.  Code order should not matter.
+A second layer of syntax defines the sequences of JSON texts that are
+a correctly structured QAPI schema.  We provide a grammar for this
+syntax in an EBNF-like notation:
 
-The order of keys within JSON objects does not matter unless
+* Production rules look like non-terminal = expression
+* Concatenation: expression A B matches expression A, then B
+* Alternation: expression A | B matches expression A or B
+* Repetition: expression A... matches zero or more occurrences of
+  expression A
+* Repetition: expression A, ... matches zero or more occurrences of
+  expression A separated by ,
+* Grouping: expression ( A ) matches expression A
+* JSON's structural characters are terminals: { } [ ] : ,
+* JSON's literal names are terminals: false true null
+* String literals enclosed in 'single quotes' are terminal, and match
+  this JSON string, with a leading '*' stripped off
+* When JSON object member's name starts with '*', the member is
+  optional.
+* The symbol STRING is a terminal, and matches any JSON string
+* The symbol BOOL is a terminal, and matches JSON false or true
+* ALL-CAPS words other than STRING are non-terminals
+
+The order of members within JSON objects does not matter unless
 explicitly noted.
 
-There are eight kinds of top-level expressions: 'include', 'pragma',
-'command', 'struct', 'enum', 'union', 'alternate', and 'event'.  These
-are discussed in detail below.
-
-In the rest of this document, usage lines are given for each
-expression type, with literal strings written in lower case and
-placeholders written in capitals.  If a literal string includes a
-prefix of '*', that key/value pair can be omitted from the expression.
-For example, a usage statement that includes '*base':STRUCT-NAME
-means that an expression has an optional key 'base', which if present
-must have a value that forms a struct name.
+A QAPI schema consists of a series of top-level expressions:
+
+    SCHEMA = TOP-LEVEL-EXPR...
+
+The top-level expressions are all JSON objects.  Code and
+documentation is generated in schema definition order.  Code order
+should not matter.
+
+A top-level expressions is either a directive or a definition:
+
+    TOP-LEVEL-EXPR = DIRECTIVE | DEFINITION
+
+There are two kinds of directives and six kinds of definitions:
+
+    DIRECTIVE = INCLUDE | PRAGMA
+    DEFINITION = ENUM | STRUCT | UNION | ALTERNATE | COMMAND | EVENT
+
+These are discussed in detail below.
 
 
 === Built-in Types ===
@@ -101,16 +126,16 @@ The following types are predefined, and map to C as follows:
 
 === Include directives ===
 
-Usage: { 'include': STRING }
+Syntax:
+    INCLUDE = { 'include': STRING }
 
 The QAPI schema definitions can be modularized using the 'include' directive:
 
  { 'include': 'path/to/file.json' }
 
-The directive is evaluated recursively, and include paths are relative to the
-file using the directive. Multiple includes of the same file are
-idempotent.  No other keys should appear in the expression, and the include
-value should be a string.
+The directive is evaluated recursively, and include paths are relative
+to the file using the directive.  Multiple includes of the same file
+are idempotent.
 
 As a matter of style, it is a good idea to have all files be
 self-contained, but at the moment, nothing prevents an included file
@@ -121,10 +146,12 @@ prevent incomplete include files.
 
 === Pragma directives ===
 
-Usage: { 'pragma': DICT }
+Syntax:
+    PRAGMA = { 'pragma': { '*doc-required': BOOL,
+                           '*returns-whitelist': [ STRING, ... ],
+                           '*name-case-whitelist': [ STRING, ... ] } }
 
 The pragma directive lets you control optional generator behavior.
-The dictionary's entries are pragma names and values.
 
 Pragma's scope is currently the complete schema.  Setting the same
 pragma to different values in parts of the schema doesn't work.
@@ -141,60 +168,95 @@ rules on use of upper- vs. lower-case letters.  Default is none.
 
 === Enumeration types ===
 
-Usage: { 'enum': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
-       { 'enum': STRING, '*prefix': STRING, 'data': ARRAY-OF-STRING }
+Syntax:
+    ENUM = { 'enum': STRING,
+             'data': [ ENUM-VALUE, ... ],
+             '*prefix': STRING,
+             '*if': COND }
+    ENUM-VALUE = STRING
+               | { 'name': STRING, '*if': COND }
 
-An enumeration type is a dictionary containing a single 'data' key
-whose value is a list of strings.  An example enumeration is:
+Member 'enum' names the enum type.
+
+Each member of the 'data' array defines a value of the enumeration
+type.  The form STRING is shorthand for { 'name': STRING }.  The
+'name' values must be be distinct.
+
+Example:
 
  { 'enum': 'MyEnum', 'data': [ 'value1', 'value2', 'value3' ] }
 
 Nothing prevents an empty enumeration, although it is probably not
-useful.  The list of strings should be lower case; if an enum name
-represents multiple words, use '-' between words.  The string 'max' is
-not allowed as an enum value, and values should not be repeated.
-
-The enum constants will be named by using a heuristic to turn the
-type name into a set of underscore separated words. For the example
-above, 'MyEnum' will turn into 'MY_ENUM' giving a constant name
-of 'MY_ENUM_VALUE1' for the first value. If the default heuristic
-does not result in a desirable name, the optional 'prefix' member
-can be used when defining the enum.
-
-The enumeration values are passed as strings over the Client JSON
-Protocol, but are encoded as C enum integral values in generated code.
-While the C code starts numbering at 0, it is better to use explicit
-comparisons to enum values than implicit comparisons to 0; the C code
-will also include a generated enum member ending in _MAX for tracking
-the size of the enum, useful when using common functions for
-converting between strings and enum values.
-
-For any struct that has a member that will only contain a finite set
-of string values, using an enum type for that member is better than
-open-coding the member to be type 'str'.
+useful.
+
+On the wire, an enumeration type's value is represented by its
+(string) name.  In C, it's represented by an enumeration constant.
+These are of the form PREFIX_NAME, where PREFIX is derived from the
+enumeration type's name, and NAME from the value's name.  For the
+example above, the generator maps 'MyEnum' to MY_ENUM and 'value1' to
+VALUE1, resulting in the enumeration constant MY_ENUM_VALUE1.  The
+optional 'prefix' member overrides PREFIX.
+
+The generated C enumeration constants have values 0, 1, ..., N-1 (in
+QAPI schema order), where N is the number of values.  There is an
+additional enumeration constant PREFIX__MAX with value N.
+
+Do not use string or an integer type when an enumeration type can do
+the job satisfactorily.
+
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
+
+=== Type references and array types ===
+
+Syntax:
+    TYPE-REF = STRING | ARRAY-TYPE
+    ARRAY-TYPE = [ STRING ]
+
+A string denotes the type named by the string.
+
+A one-element array containing a string denotes an array of the type
+named by the string.  Example: ['int'] denotes an array of 'int'.
+
 
 === Struct types ===
 
-Usage: { 'struct': STRING, 'data': DICT, '*base': STRUCT-NAME }
+Syntax:
+    STRUCT = { 'struct': STRING,
+               'data': MEMBERS,
+               '*base': STRING,
+               '*if': COND,
+               '*features': FEATURES }
+    MEMBERS = { MEMBER, ... }
+    MEMBER = STRING : TYPE-REF
+           | STRING : { 'type': TYPE-REF, '*if': COND }
 
-A struct is a dictionary containing a single 'data' key whose value is
-a dictionary; the dictionary may be empty.  This corresponds to a
-struct in C or an Object in JSON. Each value of the 'data' dictionary
-must be the name of a type, or a one-element array containing a type
-name.  An example of a struct is:
+Member 'struct' names the struct type.
+
+Each MEMBER of the 'data' object defines a member of the struct type.
+
+The MEMBER's STRING name consists of an optional '*' prefix and the
+struct member name.  If '*' is present, the member is optional.
+
+The MEMBER's value defines its properties, in particular its type.
+The form TYPE-REF is shorthand for { 'type': TYPE-REF }.
+
+Example:
 
  { 'struct': 'MyType',
-   'data': { 'member1': 'str', 'member2': 'int', '*member3': 'str' } }
+   'data': { 'member1': 'str', 'member2': ['int'], '*member3': 'str' } }
 
-The use of '*' as a prefix to the name means the member is optional in
-the corresponding JSON protocol usage.
+A struct type corresponds to a struct in C, and an object in JSON.
+The C struct's members are generated in QAPI schema order.
 
-A struct definition can specify another struct as its base.
-In this case, the members of the base type are included as top-level members
-of the new struct's dictionary in the Client JSON Protocol wire
-format. An example definition is:
+The optional 'base' member names a struct type whose members are to be
+included in this type.  They go first in the C struct.
 
- { 'struct': 'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat', 'data': { 'file': 'str' } }
+Example:
+
+ { 'struct': 'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
+   'data': { 'file': 'str' } }
  { 'struct': 'BlockdevOptionsGenericCOWFormat',
    'base': 'BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat',
    'data': { '*backing': 'str' } }
@@ -205,18 +267,40 @@ both members like this:
  { "file": "/some/place/my-image",
    "backing": "/some/place/my-backing-file" }
 
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
+The optional 'features' member specifies features.  See "Features"
+below for more on this.
+
 
 === Union types ===
 
-Usage: { 'union': STRING, 'data': DICT }
-or:    { 'union': STRING, 'data': DICT, 'base': STRUCT-NAME-OR-DICT,
-         'discriminator': ENUM-MEMBER-OF-BASE }
-
-Union types are used to let the user choose between several different
-variants for an object.  There are two flavors: simple (no
-discriminator or base), and flat (both discriminator and base).  A union
-type is defined using a data dictionary as explained in the following
-paragraphs.  Unions must have at least one branch.
+Syntax:
+    UNION = { 'union': STRING,
+              'data': BRANCHES,
+              '*if': COND }
+          | { 'union': STRING,
+              'data': BRANCHES,
+              'base': ( MEMBERS | STRING ),
+              'discriminator': STRING,
+              '*if': COND }
+    BRANCHES = { BRANCH, ... }
+    BRANCH = STRING : TYPE-REF
+           | STRING : { 'type': TYPE-REF, '*if': COND }
+
+Member 'union' names the union type.
+
+There are two flavors of union types: simple (no discriminator or
+base), and flat (both discriminator and base).
+
+Each BRANCH of the 'data' object defines a branch of the union.  A
+union must have at least one branch.
+
+The BRANCH's STRING name is the branch name.
+
+The BRANCH's value defines the branch's properties, in particular its
+type.  The form TYPE-REF is shorthand for { 'type': TYPE-REF }.
 
 A simple union type defines a mapping from automatic discriminator
 values to data types like in this example:
@@ -229,8 +313,8 @@ values to data types like in this example:
    'data': { 'file': 'BlockdevOptionsFile',
              'qcow2': 'BlockdevOptionsQcow2' } }
 
-In the Client JSON Protocol, a simple union is represented by a
-dictionary that contains the 'type' member as a discriminator, and a
+In the Client JSON Protocol, a simple union is represented by an
+object that contains the 'type' member as a discriminator, and a
 'data' member that is of the specified data type corresponding to the
 discriminator value, as in these examples:
 
@@ -238,21 +322,27 @@ discriminator value, as in these examples:
  { "type": "qcow2", "data": { "backing": "/some/place/my-image",
                               "lazy-refcounts": true } }
 
-The generated C code uses a struct containing a union. Additionally,
+The generated C code uses a struct containing a union.  Additionally,
 an implicit C enum 'NameKind' is created, corresponding to the union
 'Name', for accessing the various branches of the union.  The value
 for each branch can be of any type.
 
-A flat union definition avoids nesting on the wire, and specifies a
-set of common members that occur in all variants of the union.  The
-'base' key must specify either a type name (the type must be a
-struct, not a union), or a dictionary representing an anonymous type.
-All branches of the union must be struct types, and the top-level
-members of the union dictionary on the wire will be combination of
-members from both the base type and the appropriate branch type (when
-merging two dictionaries, there must be no keys in common).  The
-'discriminator' member must be the name of a non-optional enum-typed
-member of the base struct.
+Flat unions permit arbitrary common members that occur in all variants
+of the union, not just a discriminator.  Their discriminators need not
+be named 'type'.  They also avoid nesting on the wire.
+
+The 'base' member defines the common members.  If it is a MEMBERS
+object, it defines common members just like a struct type's 'data'
+member defines struct type members.  If it is a STRING, it names a
+struct type whose members are the common members.
+
+All flat union branches must be of struct type.
+
+In the Client JSON Protocol, a flat union is represented by an object
+with the common members (from the base type) and the selected branch's
+members.  The two sets of member names must be disjoint.  Member
+'discriminator' must name a non-optional enum-typed member of the base
+struct.
 
 The following example enhances the above simple union example by
 adding an optional common member 'read-only', renaming the
@@ -276,12 +366,13 @@ Resulting in these JSON objects:
 Notice that in a flat union, the discriminator name is controlled by
 the user, but because it must map to a base member with enum type, the
 code generator ensures that branches match the existing values of the
-enum. The order of the keys need not match the declaration of the enum.
-The keys need not cover all possible enum values. Omitted enum values
-are still valid branches that add no additional members to the data type.
-In the resulting generated C data types, a flat union is
-represented as a struct with the base members included directly, and
-then a union of structures for each branch of the struct.
+enum.  The order of branches need not match the order of the enum
+values.  The branches need not cover all possible enum values.
+Omitted enum values are still valid branches that add no additional
+members to the data type.  In the resulting generated C data types, a
+flat union is represented as a struct with the base members in QAPI
+schema order, and then a union of structures for each branch of the
+struct.
 
 A simple union can always be re-written as a flat union where the base
 class has a single member named 'type', and where each branch of the
@@ -297,32 +388,47 @@ is identical on the wire to:
  { 'union': 'Flat': 'base': { 'type': 'Enum' }, 'discriminator': 'type',
    'data': { 'one': 'Branch1', 'two': 'Branch2' } }
 
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
 
 === Alternate types ===
 
-Usage: { 'alternate': STRING, 'data': DICT }
+Syntax:
+    ALTERNATE = { 'alternate': STRING,
+                  'data': ALTERNATIVES,
+                  '*if': COND }
+    ALTERNATIVES = { ALTERNATIVE, ... }
+    ALTERNATIVE = STRING : TYPE-REF
+                | STRING : { 'type': STRING, '*if': COND }
 
-An alternate type is one that allows a choice between two or more JSON
-data types (string, integer, number, or object, but currently not
-array) on the wire.  The definition is similar to a simple union type,
-where each branch of the union names a QAPI type.  For example:
+Member 'alternate' names the alternate type.
+
+Each ALTERNATIVE of the 'data' object defines a branch of the
+alternate.  An alternate must have at least one branch.
+
+The ALTERNATIVE's STRING name is the branch name.
+
+The ALTERNATIVE's value defines the branch's properties, in particular
+its type.  The form STRING is shorthand for { 'type': STRING }.
+
+Example:
 
  { 'alternate': 'BlockdevRef',
    'data': { 'definition': 'BlockdevOptions',
              'reference': 'str' } }
 
-Unlike a union, the discriminator string is never passed on the wire
-for the Client JSON Protocol.  Instead, the value's JSON type serves
-as an implicit discriminator, which in turn means that an alternate
-can only express a choice between types represented differently in
-JSON.  If a branch is typed as the 'bool' built-in, the alternate
-accepts true and false; if it is typed as any of the various numeric
+An alternate type is like a union type, except there is no
+discriminator on the wire.  Instead, the branch to use is inferred
+from the value.  An alternate can only express a choice between types
+represented differently on the wire.
+
+If a branch is typed as the 'bool' built-in, the alternate accepts
+true and false; if it is typed as any of the various numeric
 built-ins, it accepts a JSON number; if it is typed as a 'str'
 built-in or named enum type, it accepts a JSON string; if it is typed
 as the 'null' built-in, it accepts JSON null; and if it is typed as a
-complex type (struct or union), it accepts a JSON object.  Two
-different complex types, for instance, aren't permitted, because both
-are represented as a JSON object.
+complex type (struct or union), it accepts a JSON object.
 
 The example alternate declaration above allows using both of the
 following example objects:
@@ -332,43 +438,52 @@ following example objects:
              "read-only": false,
              "filename": "/tmp/mydisk.qcow2" } }
 
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
 
 === Commands ===
 
---- General Command Layout ---
+Syntax:
+    COMMAND = { 'command': STRING,
+                (
+                '*data': ( MEMBERS | STRING ),
+                |
+                'data': STRING,
+                'boxed': true,
+                )
+                '*returns': TYPE-REF,
+                '*success-response': false,
+                '*gen': false,
+                '*allow-oob': true,
+                '*allow-preconfig': true,
+                '*if': COND }
 
-Usage: { 'command': STRING, '*data': COMPLEX-TYPE-NAME-OR-DICT,
-         '*returns': TYPE-NAME, '*boxed': true,
-         '*gen': false, '*success-response': false,
-         '*allow-oob': true, '*allow-preconfig': true }
+Member 'command' names the command.
 
-Commands are defined by using a dictionary containing several members,
-where three members are most common.  The 'command' member is a
-mandatory string, and determines the "execute" value passed in a
-Client JSON Protocol command exchange.
+Member 'data' defines the arguments.  It defaults to an empty MEMBERS
+object.
 
-The 'data' argument maps to the "arguments" dictionary passed in as
-part of a Client JSON Protocol command.  The 'data' member is optional
-and defaults to {} (an empty dictionary).  If present, it must be the
-string name of a complex type, or a dictionary that declares an
-anonymous type with the same semantics as a 'struct' expression.
+If 'data' is a MEMBERS object, then MEMBERS defines arguments just
+like a struct type's 'data' defines struct type members.
 
-The 'returns' member describes what will appear in the "return" member
-of a Client JSON Protocol reply on successful completion of a command.
-The member is optional from the command declaration; if absent, the
-"return" member will be an empty dictionary.  If 'returns' is present,
-it must be the string name of a complex type, or a
-one-element array containing the name of a complex type.
-To return anything else, you have to list the command in pragma
-'returns-whitelist'.  If you do this, the command cannot be extended
-to return additional information in the future.  Use of
+If 'data' is a STRING, then STRING names a complex type whose members
+are the arguments.  A union type requires 'boxed': true.
+
+Member 'returns' defines the command's return type.  It defaults to an
+empty struct type.  It must normally be a complex type or an array of
+a complex type.  To return anything else, the command must be listed
+in pragma 'returns-whitelist'.  If you do this, extending the command
+to return additional information will be harder.  Use of
 'returns-whitelist' for new commands is strongly discouraged.
 
-All commands in Client JSON Protocol use a dictionary to report
-failure, with no way to specify that in QAPI.  Where the error return
-is different than the usual GenericError class in order to help the
-client react differently to certain error conditions, it is worth
-documenting this in the comments before the command declaration.
+A command's error responses are not specified in the QAPI schema.
+Error conditions should be documented in comments.
+
+In the Client JSON Protocol, the value of the "execute" or "exec-oob"
+member is the command name.  The value of the "arguments" member then
+has to conform to the arguments, and the value of the success
+response's "return" member will conform to the return type.
 
 Some example commands:
 
@@ -386,23 +501,24 @@ which would validate this Client JSON Protocol transaction:
  => { "execute": "my-second-command" }
  <= { "return": [ { "value": "one" }, { } ] }
 
-The generator emits a prototype for the user's function implementing
-the command.  Normally, 'data' is a dictionary for an anonymous type,
-or names a struct type (possibly empty, but not a union), and its
-members are passed as separate arguments to this function.  If the
-command definition includes a key 'boxed' with the boolean value true,
-then 'data' is instead the name of any non-empty complex type (struct
-or union), and a pointer to that QAPI type is passed as a single
-argument.
+The generator emits a prototype for the C function implementing the
+command.  The function itself needs to be written by hand.  See
+section "Code generated for commands" for examples.
+
+The function returns the return type.  When member 'boxed' is absent,
+it takes the command arguments as arguments one by one, in QAPI schema
+order.  Else it takes them wrapped in the C struct generated for the
+complex argument type.  It takes an additional Error ** argument in
+either case.
 
 The generator also emits a marshalling function that extracts
 arguments for the user's function out of an input QDict, calls the
 user's function, and if it succeeded, builds an output QObject from
-its return value.
+its return value.  This is for use by the QMP monitor core.
 
 In rare cases, QAPI cannot express a type-safe representation of a
 corresponding Client JSON Protocol command.  You then have to suppress
-generation of a marshalling function by including a key 'gen' with
+generation of a marshalling function by including a member 'gen' with
 boolean value false, and instead write your own function.  For
 example:
 
@@ -416,13 +532,12 @@ use type-safe unions.
 Normally, the QAPI schema is used to describe synchronous exchanges,
 where a response is expected.  But in some cases, the action of a
 command is expected to change state in a way that a successful
-response is not possible (although the command will still return a
-normal dictionary error on failure).  When a successful reply is not
-possible, the command expression includes the optional key
-'success-response' with boolean value false.  So far, only QGA makes
-use of this member.
+response is not possible (although the command will still return an
+error object on failure).  When a successful reply is not possible,
+the command definition includes the optional member 'success-response'
+with boolean value false.  So far, only QGA makes use of this member.
 
-Key 'allow-oob' declares whether the command supports out-of-band
+Member 'allow-oob' declares whether the command supports out-of-band
 (OOB) execution.  It defaults to false.  For example:
 
  { 'command': 'migrate_recover',
@@ -455,8 +570,8 @@ other "slow" lock.
 
 When in doubt, do not implement OOB execution support.
 
-Key 'allow-preconfig' declares whether the command is available before
-the machine is built.  It defaults to false.  For example:
+Member 'allow-preconfig' declares whether the command is available
+before the machine is built.  It defaults to false.  For example:
 
  { 'command': 'qmp_capabilities',
    'data': { '*enable': [ 'QMPCapability' ] },
@@ -465,16 +580,33 @@ the machine is built.  It defaults to false.  For example:
 QMP is available before the machine is built only when QEMU was
 started with --preconfig.
 
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
+
 === Events ===
 
-Usage: { 'event': STRING, '*data': COMPLEX-TYPE-NAME-OR-DICT,
-         '*boxed': true }
-
-Events are defined with the keyword 'event'.  When 'data' is also
-specified, additional info will be included in the event, with similar
-semantics to a 'struct' expression.  Finally there will be C API
-generated in qapi-events.h; when called by QEMU code, a message with
-timestamp will be emitted on the wire.
+Syntax:
+    EVENT = { 'event': STRING,
+              (
+              '*data': ( MEMBERS | STRING ),
+              |
+              'data': STRING,
+              'boxed': true,
+              )
+              '*if': COND }
+
+Member 'event' names the event.  This is the event name used in the
+Client JSON Protocol.
+
+Member 'data' defines the event-specific data.  It defaults to an
+empty MEMBERS object.
+
+If 'data' is a MEMBERS object, then MEMBERS defines event-specific
+data just like a struct type's 'data' defines struct type members.
+
+If 'data' is a STRING, then STRING names a complex type whose members
+are the event-specific data.  A union type requires 'boxed': true.
 
 An example event is:
 
@@ -487,42 +619,44 @@ Resulting in this JSON object:
   "data": { "b": "test string" },
   "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267020223, "microseconds": 435656 } }
 
-The generator emits a function to send the event.  Normally, 'data' is
-a dictionary for an anonymous type, or names a struct type (possibly
-empty, but not a union), and its members are passed as separate
-arguments to this function.  If the event definition includes a key
-'boxed' with the boolean value true, then 'data' is instead the name
-of any non-empty complex type (struct or union), and a pointer to that
-QAPI type is passed as a single argument.
+The generator emits a function to send the event.  When member 'boxed'
+is absent, it takes event-specific data one by one, in QAPI schema
+order.  Else it takes them wrapped in the C struct generated for the
+complex type.  See section "Code generated for events" for examples.
+
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
 
 
 === Features ===
 
+Syntax:
+    FEATURES = [ FEATURE, ... ]
+    FEATURE = STRING
+            | { 'name': STRING, '*if': COND }
+
 Sometimes, the behaviour of QEMU changes compatibly, but without a
-change in the QMP syntax (usually by allowing values or operations that
-previously resulted in an error). QMP clients may still need to know
-whether the extension is available.
+change in the QMP syntax (usually by allowing values or operations
+that previously resulted in an error).  QMP clients may still need to
+know whether the extension is available.
 
 For this purpose, a list of features can be specified for a struct type.
 This is exposed to the client as a list of string, where each string
 signals that this build of QEMU shows a certain behaviour.
 
-In the schema, features can be specified as simple strings, for example:
+Each member of the 'features' array defines a feature.  It can either
+be { 'name': STRING, '*if': COND }, or STRING, which is shorthand for
+{ 'name': STRING }.
+
+The optional 'if' member specifies a conditional.  See "Configuring
+the schema" below for more on this.
+
+Example:
 
 { 'struct': 'TestType',
   'data': { 'number': 'int' },
   'features': [ 'allow-negative-numbers' ] }
 
-Another option is to specify features as dictionaries, where the key
-'name' specifies the feature string to be exposed to clients:
-
-{ 'struct': 'TestType',
-  'data': { 'number': 'int' },
-  'features': [ { 'name': 'allow-negative-numbers' } ] }
-
-This expanded form is necessary if you want to make the feature
-conditional (see below in "Configuring the schema").
-
 
 === Naming rules and reserved names ===
 
@@ -546,9 +680,8 @@ respectively.
 
 Command names, and member names within a type, should be all lower
 case with words separated by a hyphen.  However, some existing older
-commands and complex types use underscore; when extending such
-expressions, consistency is preferred over blindly avoiding
-underscore.
+commands and complex types use underscore; when extending them,
+consistency is preferred over blindly avoiding underscore.
 
 Event names should be ALL_CAPS with words separated by underscore.
 
@@ -578,11 +711,14 @@ downstream command __com.redhat_drive-mirror.
 
 === Configuring the schema ===
 
-The 'struct', 'enum', 'union', 'alternate', 'command' and 'event'
-top-level expressions can take an 'if' key.  Its value must be a string
-or a list of strings.  A string is shorthand for a list containing just
-that string.  The code generated for the top-level expression will then
-be guarded by #if COND for each COND in the list.
+Syntax:
+    COND = STRING
+         | [ STRING, ... ]
+
+All definitions take an optional 'if' member.  Its value must be a
+string or a list of strings.  A string is shorthand for a list
+containing just that string.  The code generated for the definition
+will then be guarded by #if STRING for each STRING in the COND list.
 
 Example: a conditional struct
 
@@ -597,29 +733,33 @@ gets its generated code guarded like this:
  #endif /* defined(HAVE_BAR) */
  #endif /* defined(CONFIG_FOO) */
 
-Where a member can be defined with a single string value for its type,
-it is also possible to supply a dictionary instead with both 'type'
-and 'if' keys.
+Individual members of complex types, commands arguments, and
+event-specific data can also be made conditional.  This requires the
+longhand form of MEMBER.
 
-Example: a conditional 'bar' member
+Example: a struct type with unconditional member 'foo' and conditional
+member 'bar'
 
 { 'struct': 'IfStruct', 'data':
   { 'foo': 'int',
     'bar': { 'type': 'int', 'if': 'defined(IFCOND)'} } }
 
-An enum value can be replaced by a dictionary with a 'name' and a 'if'
-key.
+A union's discriminator may not be conditional.
 
-Example: a conditional 'bar' enum member.
+Likewise, individual enumeration values be conditional.  This requires
+the longhand form of ENUM-VALUE.
+
+Example: an enum type with unconditional value 'foo' and conditional
+value 'bar'
 
 { 'enum': 'IfEnum', 'data':
   [ 'foo',
     { 'name' : 'bar', 'if': 'defined(IFCOND)' } ] }
 
-Similarly, features can be specified as a dictionary with a 'name' and
-an 'if' key.
+Likewise, features can be conditional.  This requires the longhand
+form of FEATURE.
 
-Example: a conditional 'allow-negative-numbers' feature
+Example: a struct with conditional feature 'allow-negative-numbers'
 
 { 'struct': 'TestType',
   'data': { 'number': 'int' },
@@ -628,17 +768,30 @@ Example: a conditional 'allow-negative-numbers' feature
 
 Please note that you are responsible to ensure that the C code will
 compile with an arbitrary combination of conditions, since the
-generators are unable to check it at this point.
+generator is unable to check it at this point.
 
-The presence of 'if' keys in the schema is reflected through to the
-introspection output depending on the build configuration.
+The conditions apply to introspection as well, i.e. introspection
+shows a conditional entity only when the condition is satisfied in
+this particular build.
 
 
 === Documentation comments ===
 
 A multi-line comment that starts and ends with a '##' line is a
-documentation comment.  These are parsed by the documentation
-generator, which recognizes certain markup detailed below.
+documentation comment.
+
+If the documentation comment starts like
+
+    ##
+    # @SYMBOL:
+
+it documents the definition if SYMBOL, else it's free-form
+documentation.
+
+See below for more on definition documentation.
+
+Free-form documentation may be used to provide additional text and
+structuring content.
 
 
 ==== Documentation markup ====
@@ -701,23 +854,24 @@ Example:
 ##
 
 
-==== Expression documentation ====
+==== Definition documentation ====
 
-Expressions other than include and pragma directives may be preceded
-by a documentation block.  Such blocks are called expression
-documentation blocks.
+Definition documentation, if present, must immediately precede the
+definition it documents.
 
-When documentation is required (see pragma 'doc-required'), expression
-documentation blocks are mandatory.
+When documentation is required (see pragma 'doc-required'), every
+definition must have documentation.
 
-The documentation block consists of a first line naming the
-expression, an optional overview, a description of each argument (for
-commands and events) or member (for structs, unions and alternates),
-and optional tagged sections.
+Definition documentation starts with a line naming the definition,
+followed by an optional overview, a description of each argument (for
+commands and events), member (for structs and unions), branch (for
+alternates), or value (for enums), and finally optional tagged
+sections.
 
 FIXME: the parser accepts these things in almost any order.
+FIXME: union branches should be described, too.
 
-Extensions added after the expression was first released carry a
+Extensions added after the definition was first released carry a
 '(since x.y.z)' comment.
 
 A tagged section starts with one of the following words:
@@ -725,7 +879,7 @@ A tagged section starts with one of the following words:
 The section ends with the start of a new section.
 
 A 'Since: x.y.z' tagged section lists the release that introduced the
-expression.
+definition.
 
 For example:
 
@@ -771,12 +925,6 @@ For example:
   'data': { '*query-nodes': 'bool' },
   'returns': ['BlockStats'] }
 
-==== Free-form documentation ====
-
-A documentation block that isn't an expression documentation block is
-a free-form documentation block.  These may be used to provide
-additional text and structuring content.
-
 
 == Client JSON Protocol introspection ==
 
@@ -862,7 +1010,7 @@ If the event carries no additional information, "arg-type" names an
 object type without members.  The event may not have a data member on
 the wire then.
 
-Each command or event defined with dictionary-valued 'data' in the
+Each command or event defined with 'data' as MEMBERS object in the
 QAPI schema implicitly defines an object type.
 
 Example: the SchemaInfo for EVENT_C from section Events
@@ -1044,7 +1192,7 @@ receive direction compatibility.
 
 Any change to types used in both contexts need to consider both.
 
-Members of enumeration types, complex types and alternate types may be
+Enumeration type values and complex and alternate type members may be
 reordered freely.  For enumerations and alternate types, this doesn't
 affect the wire encoding.  For complex types, this might make the
 implementation emit JSON object members in a different order, which
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 16/16] qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 15/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-13 20:13 ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-14  2:49 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements no-reply
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-13 20:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

The previous commit made qapi-code-gen.txt define "(top-level)
expression" as either "directive" or "definition".  The code still
uses "expression" when it really means "definition".  Tidy up.

The previous commit made qapi-code-gen.txt use "object" rather than
"dictionary".  The code still uses "dictionary".  Tidy up.

Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 scripts/qapi/common.py                        | 24 +++++++++----------
 tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err            |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err             |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err           |  2 +-
 .../qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err  |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err         |  2 +-
 tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err     |  2 +-
 7 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/qapi/common.py b/scripts/qapi/common.py
index a538d2f37c..f27860540b 100644
--- a/scripts/qapi/common.py
+++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
@@ -103,11 +103,11 @@ class QAPISemError(QAPIError):
 
 class QAPIDoc(object):
     """
-    A documentation comment block, either expression or free-form
+    A documentation comment block, either definition or free-form
 
-    Expression documentation blocks consist of
+    Definition documentation blocks consist of
 
-    * a body section: one line naming the expression, followed by an
+    * a body section: one line naming the definition, followed by an
       overview (any number of lines)
 
     * argument sections: a description of each argument (for commands
@@ -200,9 +200,9 @@ class QAPIDoc(object):
         Process a line of documentation text in the body section.
 
         If this a symbol line and it is the section's first line, this
-        is an expression documentation block for that symbol.
+        is a definition documentation block for that symbol.
 
-        If it's an expression documentation block, another symbol line
+        If it's a definition documentation block, another symbol line
         begins the argument section for the argument named by it, and
         a section tag begins an additional section.  Start that
         section and append the line to it.
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ class QAPIDoc(object):
             if not self.symbol:
                 raise QAPIParseError(self._parser, "Invalid name")
         elif self.symbol:
-            # This is an expression documentation block
+            # This is a definition documentation block
             if name.startswith('@') and name.endswith(':'):
                 self._append_line = self._append_args_line
                 self._append_args_line(line)
@@ -428,7 +428,7 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
                 pragma = expr['pragma']
                 if not isinstance(pragma, dict):
                     raise QAPISemError(
-                        info, "Value of 'pragma' must be a dictionary")
+                        info, "Value of 'pragma' must be an object")
                 for name, value in pragma.items():
                     self._pragma(name, value, info)
             else:
@@ -437,7 +437,7 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
                 if cur_doc:
                     if not cur_doc.symbol:
                         raise QAPISemError(
-                            cur_doc.info, "Expression documentation required")
+                            cur_doc.info, "Definition documentation required")
                     expr_elem['doc'] = cur_doc
                 self.exprs.append(expr_elem)
             cur_doc = None
@@ -789,7 +789,7 @@ def check_type(info, source, value,
 
     if not isinstance(value, OrderedDict):
         raise QAPISemError(info,
-                           "%s should be a dictionary or type name" % source)
+                           "%s should be an object or type name" % source)
 
     # value is a dictionary, check that each member is okay
     for (key, arg) in value.items():
@@ -971,8 +971,8 @@ def check_enum(expr, info):
                            "Enum '%s' requires a string for 'prefix'" % name)
 
     for member in members:
-        source = "dictionary member of enum '%s'" % name
-        check_known_keys(info, source, member, ['name'], ['if'])
+        check_known_keys(info, "member of enum '%s'" % name, member,
+                         ['name'], ['if'])
         check_if(member, info)
         check_name(info, "Member of enum '%s'" % name, member['name'],
                    enum_member=True)
@@ -1081,7 +1081,7 @@ def check_exprs(exprs):
 
         if not doc and doc_required:
             raise QAPISemError(info,
-                               "Expression missing documentation comment")
+                               "Definition missing documentation comment")
 
         if 'enum' in expr:
             meta = 'enum'
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err b/tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err
index fe1e94975b..bfb2e4133e 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.json:1: 'data' for command 'foo' should be a dictionary or type name
+tests/qapi-schema/args-invalid.json:1: 'data' for command 'foo' should be an object or type name
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err b/tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err
index 7f2f326b30..3a377ddc57 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.json:5: Expression missing documentation comment
+tests/qapi-schema/doc-missing.json:5: Definition missing documentation comment
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err b/tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err
index 75f032a942..212984ff20 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.json:3: Expression documentation required
+tests/qapi-schema/doc-no-symbol.json:3: Definition documentation required
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err
index 2aae618be0..7fd9c032bf 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.err
@@ -1,2 +1,2 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.json:2: Unknown key 'bad-key' in dictionary member of enum 'MyEnum'
+tests/qapi-schema/enum-dict-member-unknown.json:2: Unknown key 'bad-key' in member of enum 'MyEnum'
 Valid keys are 'if', 'name'.
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err b/tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err
index 75bc335aea..b358261050 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.json:3: Value of 'pragma' must be a dictionary
+tests/qapi-schema/pragma-non-dict.json:3: Value of 'pragma' must be an object
diff --git a/tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err b/tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err
index 6644f4c2ad..4bf5bcc255 100644
--- a/tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err
+++ b/tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.err
@@ -1 +1 @@
-tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.json:1: 'data' for struct 'foo' should be a dictionary or type name
+tests/qapi-schema/struct-data-invalid.json:1: 'data' for struct 'foo' should be an object or type name
-- 
2.21.0



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 16/16] qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-14  2:49 ` no-reply
  2019-09-17 16:31 ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-23 18:29 ` Markus Armbruster
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: no-reply @ 2019-09-14  2:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: armbru; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, qemu-devel, mdroth

Patchew URL: https://patchew.org/QEMU/20190913201349.24332-1-armbru@redhat.com/



Hi,

This series seems to have some coding style problems. See output below for
more information:

Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
Message-id: 20190913201349.24332-1-armbru@redhat.com
Type: series

=== TEST SCRIPT BEGIN ===
#!/bin/bash
git rev-parse base > /dev/null || exit 0
git config --local diff.renamelimit 0
git config --local diff.renames True
git config --local diff.algorithm histogram
./scripts/checkpatch.pl --mailback base..
=== TEST SCRIPT END ===

Updating 3c8cf5a9c21ff8782164d1def7f44bd888713384
Switched to a new branch 'test'
9491787 qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt
6fb4a27 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc
a474494 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema
6640272 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations
d3cec78 docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability
b48aba3 qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member
70ce619 qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches
4ecd688 qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch
6fb8f9e qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type
c5e9097 qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\
113836f qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII
fe760f3 tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters
776df7c docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes
181a438 qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments
57f9740 qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional
7975c5d scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely

=== OUTPUT BEGIN ===
1/16 Checking commit 7975c5d69cca (scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely)
2/16 Checking commit 57f9740b5d6c (qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional)
3/16 Checking commit 181a4384e8b8 (qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments)
4/16 Checking commit 776df7cd45c6 (docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes)
5/16 Checking commit fe760f39461c (tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters)
6/16 Checking commit 113836f31dd5 (qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII)
WARNING: added, moved or deleted file(s), does MAINTAINERS need updating?
#109: 
new file mode 100644

ERROR: Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8
#126: FILE: tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-127.json:2:
+{ 'command': '⌦' }
               ^

ERROR: Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8
#152: FILE: tests/qapi-schema/string-code-point-31.json:2:
+{ 'command': '␟' }
               ^

total: 2 errors, 1 warnings, 76 lines checked

Patch 6/16 has style problems, please review.  If any of these errors
are false positives report them to the maintainer, see
CHECKPATCH in MAINTAINERS.

7/16 Checking commit c5e90975c8c5 (qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\)
WARNING: added, moved or deleted file(s), does MAINTAINERS need updating?
#74: 
deleted file mode 100644

total: 0 errors, 1 warnings, 53 lines checked

Patch 7/16 has style problems, please review.  If any of these errors
are false positives report them to the maintainer, see
CHECKPATCH in MAINTAINERS.
8/16 Checking commit 6fb8f9e7baa7 (qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type)
WARNING: added, moved or deleted file(s), does MAINTAINERS need updating?
#130: 
deleted file mode 100644

total: 0 errors, 1 warnings, 129 lines checked

Patch 8/16 has style problems, please review.  If any of these errors
are false positives report them to the maintainer, see
CHECKPATCH in MAINTAINERS.
9/16 Checking commit 4ecd688cd6a1 (qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch)
10/16 Checking commit 70ce619cf6af (qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches)
11/16 Checking commit b48aba3a338c (qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member)
12/16 Checking commit d3cec7869722 (docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability)
13/16 Checking commit 66402729d139 (docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations)
14/16 Checking commit a474494a010b (docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema)
15/16 Checking commit 6fb4a273e1f6 (docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc)
16/16 Checking commit 9491787d3689 (qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt)
=== OUTPUT END ===

Test command exited with code: 1


The full log is available at
http://patchew.org/logs/20190913201349.24332-1-armbru@redhat.com/testing.checkpatch/?type=message.
---
Email generated automatically by Patchew [https://patchew.org/].
Please send your feedback to patchew-devel@redhat.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\ Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-17 16:18   ` Eric Blake
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Eric Blake @ 2019-09-17 16:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster, qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1404 bytes --]

On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
> Since the previous commit restricted strings to printable ASCII,
> \uXXXX's only use is obfuscation.  Drop it.
> 
> This leaves \\, \/, \', and \".  Since QAPI schema strings are all
> names, and names are restricted to ASCII letters, digits, hyphen, and
> underscore, none of them is useful.
> 
> The latter three have no test coverage.  Drop them.
> 
> Keep \\ to avoid (more) gratuitous incompatibility with JSON.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
> Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
> ---

> +++ b/scripts/qapi/common.py
> @@ -524,29 +524,9 @@ class QAPISchemaParser(object):
>                      if ch == '\n':
>                          raise QAPIParseError(self, 'Missing terminating "\'"')
>                      if esc:

> -                        elif ch not in '\\/\'"':
> +                        # Note: we recognize only \\ because we have
> +                        # no use for funny characters in strings
> +                        if ch != '\\':
>                              raise QAPIParseError(self,
>                                                   "Unknown escape \\%s" % ch)

Thanks; that comment makes it better than it was in v2.

-- 
Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3226
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-17 16:20   ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-23 11:46     ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Eric Blake @ 2019-09-17 16:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster, qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 580 bytes --]

On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
> Absent flat union branches default to the empty struct (since commit
> 800877bb16 "qapi: allow empty branches in flat unions").  But am

s/am/an/

> attempt to omit all of them is rejected with "Union 'FOO' has no
> branches".  Harmless oddity, but it's easy to avoid, so do that.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
> Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
> ---
-- 
Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3226
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations
  2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations Markus Armbruster
@ 2019-09-17 16:22   ` Eric Blake
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Eric Blake @ 2019-09-17 16:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster, qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1876 bytes --]

On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
> We have some compatibility advice buried in sections "Enumeration
> types" and "Struct types".  Compatibility is actually about commands
> and events.  It devolves to the types used there.  All kinds of types,
> not just enumerations and structs.
> 
> Replace the existing advice by a new section "Compatibility
> considerations".
> 
> Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
> Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
> ---
>  docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>  1 file changed, 60 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

You asked me a question on v2 about a possible sentence to add about
renaming types. Up to you if you want to fold that one in here, or leave
it for a separate patch.


> +Incompatible changes include removing return and event data members.
> +
> +Any change to a command definition's 'data' or one of the types used
> +there (recursively) needs to consider send direction compatibility.
> +
> +Any change to a command definition's 'return', an event definition's
> +'data', or one of the types used there (recursively) needs to consider
> +receive direction compatibility.
> +
> +Any change to types used in both contexts need to consider both.
> +
> +Members of enumeration types, complex types and alternate types may be
> +reordered freely.  For enumerations and alternate types, this doesn't
> +affect the wire encoding.  For complex types, this might make the
> +implementation emit JSON object members in a different order, which
> +the Client JSON Protocol permits.
> +
> +
>  == Code generation ==
>  
>  The QAPI code generator qapi-gen.py generates code and documentation
> 

-- 
Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3226
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-14  2:49 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements no-reply
@ 2019-09-17 16:31 ` Eric Blake
  2019-09-23 11:49   ` Markus Armbruster
  2019-09-23 18:29 ` Markus Armbruster
  18 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Eric Blake @ 2019-09-17 16:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Markus Armbruster, qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 819 bytes --]

On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
> v3:
> * PATCH 05
>   - Typo fixed [Eric]
> * PATCH 06+07
>   - Additional comments [Eric]
> * PATCH 11
>   - Replace one more QAPISchemaMember by QAPISchemaEnumMember
> * PATCH 13+15
>   - Doc phrasing tweaks [Eric]
> * PATCH 14+15
>   - Belatedly update for v2's restriction to printable ASCII [Eric]
>   - Correct claim "order of top-level expression doesn't matter" [Eric]
> * PATCH 15
>   - Fix EBNF for PRAGMA [Eric]

Peter Krempa's proposal to add features to commands (for introspecting
Kevin's recent savevm fix) slightly conflicts with this.

https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2019-09/msg03586.html

-- 
Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3226
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches
  2019-09-17 16:20   ` Eric Blake
@ 2019-09-23 11:46     ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-23 11:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Blake; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, qemu-devel, mdroth

Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com> writes:

> On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> Absent flat union branches default to the empty struct (since commit
>> 800877bb16 "qapi: allow empty branches in flat unions").  But am
>
> s/am/an/

Will fix, thanks!

>> attempt to omit all of them is rejected with "Union 'FOO' has no
>> branches".  Harmless oddity, but it's easy to avoid, so do that.
>> 
>> Signed-off-by: Markus Armbruster <armbru@redhat.com>
>> Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
>> ---


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
  2019-09-17 16:31 ` Eric Blake
@ 2019-09-23 11:49   ` Markus Armbruster
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-23 11:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Blake; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, Peter Krempa, qemu-devel, mdroth

Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com> writes:

> On 9/13/19 3:13 PM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
>> v3:
>> * PATCH 05
>>   - Typo fixed [Eric]
>> * PATCH 06+07
>>   - Additional comments [Eric]
>> * PATCH 11
>>   - Replace one more QAPISchemaMember by QAPISchemaEnumMember
>> * PATCH 13+15
>>   - Doc phrasing tweaks [Eric]
>> * PATCH 14+15
>>   - Belatedly update for v2's restriction to printable ASCII [Eric]
>>   - Correct claim "order of top-level expression doesn't matter" [Eric]
>> * PATCH 15
>>   - Fix EBNF for PRAGMA [Eric]
>
> Peter Krempa's proposal to add features to commands (for introspecting
> Kevin's recent savevm fix) slightly conflicts with this.
>
> https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2019-09/msg03586.html

I'm pretty sure it'll conflict plenty more with the
not-yet-posted-to-avoid-scaring-off-reviewers part of my work.  We'll
work it out :)


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements
  2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-17 16:31 ` Eric Blake
@ 2019-09-23 18:29 ` Markus Armbruster
  18 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Markus Armbruster @ 2019-09-23 18:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: qemu-devel; +Cc: marcandre.lureau, mdroth

Queued with two small tweaks as per Eric's review: a commit message typo
fix in PATCH 10, and an additional paragraph on invisible schema changes
in PATCH 13.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 25+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-09-13 20:13 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 01/16] scripts/git.orderfile: Match QAPI schema more precisely Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 02/16] qapi: Drop check_type()'s redundant parameter @allow_optional Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 03/16] qapi: Drop support for boxed alternate arguments Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 04/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Minor specification fixes Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 05/16] tests/qapi-schema: Demonstrate bad reporting of funny characters Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 06/16] qapi: Restrict strings to printable ASCII Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 07/16] qapi: Drop support for escape sequences other than \\ Markus Armbruster
2019-09-17 16:18   ` Eric Blake
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 08/16] qapi: Permit 'boxed' with empty type Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 09/16] qapi: Permit alternates with just one branch Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 10/16] qapi: Permit omitting all flat union branches Markus Armbruster
2019-09-17 16:20   ` Eric Blake
2019-09-23 11:46     ` Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 11/16] qapi: Adjust frontend errors to say enum value, not member Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 12/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Reorder sections for readability Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 13/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite compatibility considerations Markus Armbruster
2019-09-17 16:22   ` Eric Blake
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 14/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Rewrite introduction to schema Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 15/16] docs/devel/qapi-code-gen: Improve QAPI schema language doc Markus Armbruster
2019-09-13 20:13 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 16/16] qapi: Tweak code to match docs/devel/qapi-code-gen.txt Markus Armbruster
2019-09-14  2:49 ` [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 00/16] qapi: Schema language cleanups & doc improvements no-reply
2019-09-17 16:31 ` Eric Blake
2019-09-23 11:49   ` Markus Armbruster
2019-09-23 18:29 ` Markus Armbruster

QEMU-Devel Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/qemu-devel/0 qemu-devel/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/qemu-devel/1 qemu-devel/git/1.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 qemu-devel qemu-devel/ https://lore.kernel.org/qemu-devel \
		qemu-devel@nongnu.org qemu-devel@archiver.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index qemu-devel

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.nongnu.qemu-devel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/ public-inbox