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From: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
To: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Cc: "Peter Maydell" <peter.maydell@linaro.org>,
	"Yan Zhao" <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>,
	"Juan Quintela" <quintela@redhat.com>,
	"Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>,
	qemu-devel@nongnu.org, "Eugenio Pérez" <eperezma@redhat.com>,
	"Eric Auger" <eric.auger@redhat.com>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC v2 1/1] memory: Delete assertion in memory_region_unregister_iommu_notifier
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 13:51:47 +0800
Message-ID: <54d2cdfd-97b8-9e1d-a607-d7a5e96be3a1@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200628144746.GA239443@xz-x1>

On 2020/6/28 下午10:47, Peter Xu wrote:
> On Sun, Jun 28, 2020 at 03:03:41PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> On 2020/6/27 上午5:29, Peter Xu wrote:
>>> Hi, Eugenio,
>>> (CCing Eric, Yan and Michael too)
>>> On Fri, Jun 26, 2020 at 08:41:22AM +0200, Eugenio Pérez wrote:
>>>> diff --git a/memory.c b/memory.c
>>>> index 2f15a4b250..7f789710d2 100644
>>>> --- a/memory.c
>>>> +++ b/memory.c
>>>> @@ -1915,8 +1915,6 @@ void memory_region_notify_one(IOMMUNotifier *notifier,
>>>>            return;
>>>>        }
>>>> -    assert(entry->iova >= notifier->start && entry_end <= notifier->end);
>>> I can understand removing the assertion should solve the issue, however imho
>>> the major issue is not about this single assertion but the whole addr_mask
>>> issue behind with virtio...
>> I don't get here, it looks to the the range was from guest IOMMU drivers.
> Yes.  Note that I didn't mean that it's a problem in virtio, it's just the fact
> that virtio is the only one I know that would like to support arbitrary address
> range for the translated region.  I don't know about tcg, but vfio should still
> need some kind of page alignment in both the address and the addr_mask.  We
> have that assumption too across the memory core when we do translations.

Right but it looks to me the issue is not the alignment.

> A further cause of the issue is the MSI region when vIOMMU enabled - currently
> we implemented the interrupt region using another memory region so it split the
> whole DMA region into two parts.  That's really a clean approach to IR
> implementation, however that's also a burden to the invalidation part because
> then we'll need to handle things like this when the listened range is not page
> alighed at all (neither 0-0xfedffff, nor 0xfef0000-MAX).  If without the IR
> region (so the whole iommu address range will be a single FlatRange),

Is this a bug? I remember that at least for vtd, it won't do any DMAR on 
the intrrupt address range

>   I think
> we probably don't need most of the logic in vtd_address_space_unmap() at all,
> then we can directly deliver all the IOTLB invalidations without splitting into
> small page aligned ranges to all the iommu notifiers.  Sadly, so far I still
> don't have ideal solution for it, because we definitely need IR.

Another possible (theoretical) issue (for vhost) is that it can't 
trigger interrupt through the interrupt range.

>>> For normal IOTLB invalidations, we were trying our best to always make
>>> IOMMUTLBEntry contain a valid addr_mask to be 2**N-1.  E.g., that's what we're
>>> doing with the loop in vtd_address_space_unmap().
>> I'm sure such such assumption can work for any type of IOMMU.
>>> But this is not the first time that we may want to break this assumption for
>>> virtio so that we make the IOTLB a tuple of (start, len), then that len can be
>>> not a address mask any more.  That seems to be more efficient for things like
>>> vhost because iotlbs there are not page based, so it'll be inefficient if we
>>> always guarantee the addr_mask because it'll be quite a lot more roundtrips of
>>> the same range of invalidation.  Here we've encountered another issue of
>>> triggering the assertion with virtio-net, but only with the old RHEL7 guest.
>>> I'm thinking whether we can make the IOTLB invalidation configurable by
>>> specifying whether the backend of the notifier can handle arbitary address
>>> range in some way.  So we still have the guaranteed addr_masks by default
>>> (since I still don't think totally break the addr_mask restriction is wise...),
>>> however we can allow the special backends to take adavantage of using arbitary
>>> (start, len) ranges for reasons like performance.
>>> To do that, a quick idea is to introduce a flag IOMMU_NOTIFIER_ARBITRARY_MASK
>>> to IOMMUNotifierFlag, to declare that the iommu notifier (and its backend) can
>>> take arbitrary address mask, then it can be any value and finally becomes a
>>> length rather than an addr_mask.  Then for every iommu notify() we can directly
>>> deliver whatever we've got from the upper layer to this notifier.  With the new
>>> flag, vhost can do iommu_notifier_init() with UNMAP|ARBITRARY_MASK so it
>>> declares this capability.  Then no matter for device iotlb or normal iotlb, we
>>> skip the complicated procedure to split a big range into small ranges that are
>>> with strict addr_mask, but directly deliver the message to the iommu notifier.
>>> E.g., we can skip the loop in vtd_address_space_unmap() if the notifier is with
>>> ARBITRARY flag set.
>> I'm not sure coupling IOMMU capability to notifier is the best choice.
> IMHO it's not an IOMMU capability.  The flag I wanted to introduce is a
> capability of the one who listens to the IOMMU TLB updates.  For our case, it's
> virtio/vhost's capability to allow arbitrary length. The IOMMU itself
> definitely has some limitation on the address range to be bound to an IOTLB
> invalidation, e.g., the device-iotlb we're talking here only accept both the
> iova address and addr_mask to be aligned to 2**N-1.

I think this go back to one of our previous discussion of whether to 
introduce a dedicated notifiers for device IOTLB.

For IOMMU, it might have limitation like GAW, but for device IOTLB it 
probably doesn't. That's the reason we hit the assert here.

>> How about just convert to use a range [start, end] for any notifier and move
>> the checks (e.g the assert) into the actual notifier implemented (vhost or
>> vfio)?
> IOMMUTLBEntry itself is the abstraction layer of TLB entry.  Hardware TLB entry
> is definitely not arbitrary range either (because AFAICT the hardware should
> only cache PFN rather than address, so at least PAGE_SIZE aligned).
> Introducing this flag will already make this trickier just to avoid introducing
> another similar struct to IOMMUTLBEntry, but I really don't want to make it a
> default option...  Not to mention I probably have no reason to urge the rest
> iommu notifier users (tcg, vfio) to change their existing good code to suite
> any of the backend who can cooperate with arbitrary address ranges...

Ok, so it looks like we need a dedicated notifiers to device IOTLB.


> Thanks,

  reply index

Thread overview: 48+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-26  6:41 [RFC v2 0/1] " Eugenio Pérez
2020-06-26  6:41 ` [RFC v2 1/1] " Eugenio Pérez
2020-06-26 21:29   ` Peter Xu
2020-06-27  7:26     ` Yan Zhao
2020-06-27 12:57       ` Peter Xu
2020-06-28  1:36         ` Yan Zhao
2020-06-28  7:03     ` Jason Wang
2020-06-28 14:47       ` Peter Xu
2020-06-29  5:51         ` Jason Wang [this message]
2020-06-29 13:34           ` Peter Xu
2020-06-30  2:41             ` Jason Wang
2020-06-30  8:29               ` Jason Wang
2020-06-30  9:21                 ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2020-06-30  9:23                   ` Jason Wang
2020-06-30 15:20                     ` Peter Xu
2020-07-01  8:11                       ` Jason Wang
2020-07-01 12:16                         ` Peter Xu
2020-07-01 12:30                           ` Jason Wang
2020-07-01 12:41                             ` Peter Xu
2020-07-02  3:00                               ` Jason Wang
2020-06-30 15:39               ` Peter Xu
2020-07-01  8:09                 ` Jason Wang
2020-07-02  3:01                   ` Jason Wang
2020-07-02 15:45                     ` Peter Xu
2020-07-03  7:24                       ` Jason Wang
2020-07-03 13:03                         ` Peter Xu
2020-07-07  8:03                           ` Jason Wang
2020-07-07 19:54                             ` Peter Xu
2020-07-08  5:42                               ` Jason Wang
2020-07-08 14:16                                 ` Peter Xu
2020-07-09  5:58                                   ` Jason Wang
2020-07-09 14:10                                     ` Peter Xu
2020-07-10  6:34                                       ` Jason Wang
2020-07-10 13:30                                         ` Peter Xu
2020-07-13  4:04                                           ` Jason Wang
2020-07-16  1:00                                             ` Peter Xu
2020-07-16  2:54                                               ` Jason Wang
2020-07-17 14:18                                                 ` Peter Xu
2020-07-20  4:02                                                   ` Jason Wang
2020-07-20 13:03                                                     ` Peter Xu
2020-07-21  6:20                                                       ` Jason Wang
2020-07-21 15:10                                                         ` Peter Xu
2020-08-03 16:00                         ` Eugenio Pérez
2020-08-04 20:30                           ` Peter Xu
2020-08-05  5:45                             ` Jason Wang
2020-06-29 15:05 ` [RFC v2 0/1] " Paolo Bonzini
2020-07-03  7:39   ` Eugenio Perez Martin
2020-07-03 10:10     ` Paolo Bonzini

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